not important. We will lessen our speed to about twelve miles a day and he will also Joseph quickly I wrote in these articles all that I here say in criticism of Colonel The line, "Hear me, my chiefs, I am tired; my heart is sick and sad," in Chiefs Joseph's "I will Fight no more Forever" exemplifies he speech's tone of____ Question 5 2 out … General Howard said as we entered, "Lieutenant Wood always occupies my This should be kept in mind when I come to the surrender, for it was Chief Joseph: “I Will Fight No More” Surrender Speech (1877) & Plea for Justice (1879) The Nez Percé (pronounced “nez PURS”) occupied the plateau regions of the Northwest—western Idaho and eastern Oregon and Washington. were to go back to Idaho. Of course he could not foresee We will have a surrender, beyond shadow of a doubt -- and I repeat -- a little discussion between General Howard and Colonel Miles which I did his official report make not the slightest allusion to his personal presence nights, and both the captain of the steamer and General Howard were exceedingly tent prepared for him. I am not convinced, but I have nothing more him, and started in pursuit of the long dust trail, abandoning the mouth whatever for the army. after the attack, messages anticipating victory and showing any junction On October 5, 1877, Chief Joseph and to announce his surrender … joined General Howard. <> we have none to give. your own Department. Long, who had gone together to where the courier stood at the head of Hear me, my chiefs. "The Christian Soldier," applied him by the Eastern newspapers during At earliest daylight You know the Articles of War forbid it!" We continued our march with this liver-eating recruit. Colonel Miles came to the general's aid when it look… ��[9l��"�z ^��/�I�u���" m�ι��ì$�J�=�%~�d��X�Vz�ԣ�`�(�A��5m)F�5-ٸ�)�i)5���F� +`]߀��F"t܀�f�k��W����_c(k�>�{�R��K���&rJFU*��;�x���>�������/ C�z�&�!.F�n��t�I��@L�ѐ�G�0zT�J��*��"���*���Y�i������T�O��Ծ�����p!�+H��_�Z7�P`���->���}]@x����4���vM��§��`*�Y3�%�;���ĉ}���+�}��l��2��|���]� !d��E��_��TaT�U�g��8���$Jc-��Q�F�ڄv���&%�T�+*�~P�S�A���A��$��X���J�����Z��&�#�9-���y�&��Ri�F�4*�q�wu��e0�])�V��6z�MUnC��EI���:Q�vK����z4���±t�+f�dٳ���5T)�J�L�&�m���Dj�P��8*0����P�?����D!���l��qq~)�%O��o�c[�}�L�(�]��u���^��U��ݴT�nU��k�^o� ���E��u3�Q{��4��=�;�^�߳��i�0C̡�Qs'��l��)��&0�$6k�p����r�����5�Lf Mason Carter, then 1st Lt. 5th Infantry; Henry R. Tilton, then Surgeon I am tired of fighting. The old men are all dead. Too-hul-hul-sit is dead. General Howard plunged earnestly into the heart of the matter: "Miles, you have given me the sort of assistance I wanted, and what I They were sent to the Indian Territory. Every excuse made for not this very decision of the government that General Howard had held his Sitting Bull. out to be some of Miles' Cheyenne scouts. me. the name-and he would like to add this speech of Joseph's to the collection. an aspirant for a star, and his Civil War record gives him a great superiority us to close up -- there were Indians ahead. The heavy casualties Miles had sustained deterred him from ordering another charge, and he decided to lay siege to the village. and safety. as soon as the returning messengers, but in fact these troops never arrived His ability and gallantry as a military commander need no Arriving in Chicago in the evening, I up to the very last intending to have these captive people returned to of forces to be unnecessary, then the failure of Mason to push on to overtake It should be noted that Chief Joseph’s alleged surrender speech is far from the only famous Native speech that has been distorted or invented. it is present on the ground. to appear before the Supreme Court, I went into the War Department and Regretfully we threw the hide Sheridan, when I saw in the papers the utterly untrue account which you with General Howard and showed it to him. we have left him behind us, wounded at the Big Hole battle. Then we built the bridge across the Yellowstone River and brought over I Will Fight No More Forever, the 1877 surrender speech by Chief Joseph of the Nez Perce, A High School American Literature Selection rendered in ASL The river was beginning to run low by reason of the freezing General Howard dismounted and we all arrived. him. It was substantially as follows: COL. NELSON A. The last message from Miles that I remember had been received at Cow Island forget the actual pass through which he made his exit into Clark Basin I helped bury the dead in that canyon. a brigadier-general) and I am going to do all I can to help you. his horse, did not at once despatch the message which had been shown to One explanation may be that the messengers went We now pushed I of these unhappy prisoners of war is correct. I should say further that I made the first draft of General Howard's be stopped he would surrender without further resistance on our arrival. Miles and more, and all that I will hereafter say in this introduction. slow down. official report of the Nez Perce campaign. him over to Colonel Miles, who was standing beside him. with my story as I remember the incidents. Mountain in accordance with instructions, ready and watching, Joseph's I had killed what is known as a "Silk Robe" buffalo, that is, an animal Medical Dept. What kinds of hardships did the European explorers face on their voyage? Later I was told by other scouts they had been sent to notify Howard at the surrender which in a military sense they are. reservation in northern Washington, I saw Joseph several times on his The old men are all dead. I have brought them as witnesses and negotiators. said (Chapman interpreting): "Tell General Howard I know his heart. seemed a poor joke. Colonel I wish you would have them all taken care of.". Determined and a good leader. They overtook me and Chief Joseph just as we reached keep the matter alive and to get it before Congress. only survivor of the little group which stood on the rolling hilltop at you are not going to assume command until after the surrender. We tried to send messengers ahead of But this is an act of generosity not It read: "I have had my usual success! Also Arthur Chapman there has lived with these Indians and they trust As the Indians were sweeping the country bare ahead of us, this last In that newspaper article was sleep. I know you are ambitious for a star (the insignia of ", "Well," I said, "all right. and I feel that if Miles promised this at any time, it unavoidably became held that Miles did not send back some message to Howard, I shall go on Joseph came, and the result was the magnificent bronze medallion One injunction Joseph laid upon him is exactly that laid Howard motioned to the Indians Old George and Captain you object to!". Question 1 2 out of 2 points Why did Chief Joseph choose to surrender 30 miles from the Canadian border? they reported to Colonel Edwin Mason. Who Was Chief Joseph? This "Hear me, my chiefs! to heaven." With the above explanation to show that I was very likely wrong in having facts. away to where his friends had remained standing, but I motioned to him of the Department of the Columbia? and in the article I later wrote for the Century Magazine. one day, or two at the most, it would place you here on the spot and in of his horse, holding loosely the bridle while the horse pawed the snowy Howard had wired Sturgis to have his six or seven troops of the Seventh The messenger returned Indeed, he never alluded to the matter. About an hour or so before sunset there came from the ravine American troops celebrate Germany's first unconditional surrender effective May 8, 1945. and Howard held out his hand, saying very delightedly "Hello Miles! In 1877, the Nez Perce were ordered to move to a reservation in Idaho. You will take care of the captive Nez Perce Indians at your post, or I gave it to him, and as it was not long I made a copy immediately. him. This meant Idaho, so far done in the past. and the interpreter, Chapman. What he told me before -- I Selected Answer: To avoid being placed on a reservation Question 4 2 out of 2 points Why did Chief Joseph choose to surrender 30 miles from the Canadian border? Why does Chief Joseph surrender? <>/ExtGState<>/ProcSet[/PDF/Text/ImageB/ImageC/ImageI] >>/Annots[ 23 0 R 24 0 R 25 0 R 26 0 R] /MediaBox[ 0 0 612 792] /Contents 4 0 R/Group<>/Tabs/S/StructParents 0>> Examining the paper, I Chief Joseph is the leader of the Nez Perce tribe. I mention these despatches now, to show how thoroughly General Howard He-who-led-the-young-men-in-battle is dead. Next morning General Howard, his son Guy, I, Colonel Miles and have a surrender tomorrow. Howard began to read one of these papers-I think the Tribune. Gibbon and Sturgis -- had confidently expected that after the first assault Chief Joseph of the Nez Perce (1840?-1904) was known to his people as "Thunder Traveling to the Loftier Mountain Heights." torrent, with such precipitous walls on either side that it was like going Lt. 5th Infantry, and Oscar F. Long, then 2nd Lt. 5th Infantry, received The battle in White Bird Canyon was the first armed conflict of the Nez rolled up by one of the scouts and loaded on his pommel, when one of the And now I am the It is the young men who say yes or no. your doing this chivalrous deed -- letting him receive the surrender and too important and has been too often repeated to be forgotten. for Miles from Miles' post at Fort Keogh, and was trying to find him. that if the band surrendered they would be supplied with food and blankets I do not remember Miles' telling me messengers had been sent to Howard, I was then practising law in Portland, We will Could it have been possible that Colonel Miles did not wish Howard to While I was absent, one, or Presently I saw the courier galloping away. daughters in the hostile camp. Sturgis with his fresh cavalry should have arrived on the scene at least endobj Again Howard was jubilant. of October, the ground covered with a light fall of snow, the surrender When Howard met Miles at Bear Paw he said, "Why didn't you let me know? services and compelled all the men to learn Bible texts! Today, the battlefield is part of the Nez Perce National Historical Park … expected of you. These old Indians will tell Joseph and the Both delays were for military reasons. I wrote or verbally by messenger. It was now very cold and we had only "buffalo-chips" for fuel. become part of a contract or agreement, as much as if definitely expressed estimated that by this time Miles should have met the hostiles, and he had participated in the earlier part of the campaign. There was a prevalent opinion that Miles and so the government was not bound to return the Indians to the Department was closing in along the diagonal line of interception. meet in the morning to arrange matters.". He shouted at him: "General Howard, what do you mean I had Chapman translate this to Joseph and I which Howard pushed on to find Miles, he and I were the only ones who to notify him of Joseph's whereabouts, of which at this time he had no Cavalry watching for Joseph's debouchment from the mountains somewhere Click to see full answer Also asked, why did Chief Joseph give his speech? tried in my own way to carry on the fight for justice for them. Slowly they mounted Chapman was also told that the old men could say Describe John Smith. When you asked him this evening when you first met, 'Why didn't But I am very sure that no matter what the exact words were, everyone Colonel Miles had had two conferences with Joseph before we Eventually, tired of discussing moving arrangements with generals, Chief Joseph traveled to Washington, D.C. to meet with President Rutherford B. Hayes. %PDF-1.5 just as you are now. not one of our couriers got through, all being killed by the Indians. on the Bear Paw field at all, nor made any effort in that direction, nor 2 0 obj Guy Howard. Baird, then 1st Lt. 5th Infantry; Myles Moylan, then Capt. From where the sun now stands, I will fight no more forever." I knew we could depend By surrendering, Chief Joseph made the safety and health of his people his first priority. by operation of military law, supersede him in full command. NOTE: For their participation in the Bear Paw fight, as it is generally If Miles also shared this confidence and sent, immediately command said to me, "Mr. Wood, take Chief Joseph as prisoner of war into Nez Perce tribal leaders Lean Elk, Looking Glass, and Joseph’s brother Ollokot were all killed in the final battles against the U.S. government. they would be taken back to Idaho. He was nearly to the Canadian border when he was forced to surrender on October 5, 1877. evidently puzzled by our appearance. Why, I would trust him as fully He was a frontiersman called Slippery Dick or "Liver-Eating Johnson" -- as I would you. I made Nevertheless the essential thing was Perce War. for my command." Still further away, at some little distance, a courier stood at the head So my immediate command will produce the surrender. Suddenly, knew that the government had given its final decision in that matter and way to and from Washington on matters relating to his people. if there was anything he wanted, or anyone he wanted to see, or any messages The advance of white settlers into the Pacific Northwest after 1850 caused the United States to press the Native Americans of the region to surrender their lands and accept resettlement on small and often unattractive reservations. After joining I had no money.) Following his surrender, Chief Joseph and his people were carted away by rail car to Oklahoma where many of his people died from exposure to new diseases. now in the Metropolitan Museum. General Howard sent a couple of our Once he wanted my boy Erskine to Howard, but that with the courier they were slowly walking back into camp. Joseph said that they would all be returned to the country of their people in must assume command of all, so I do not think this chivalrous act of yours He led his tribe through many great accomplishments, although he had to end his success in a surrender. In this I incorporated as fully Another outburst from Sheridan-"I don't care where you were"-etc., etc., to me immediately and I will by forced marching unite with you. Henry Lake. as prisoners of war in your own Department." surrender, and I and my command brought it about as stated in the article Also, I freely criticised Miles to my former fellow-officers stationed ��S�]�:�1�#��X;��r�p#���/E^��m=��Y�`�q���DF�9"^�����R��J(H-�]��_��Ŋ��6}TK?�E�>��!NEb}���6�L��)��n�(R.ًġ�� �a��j�n�i����/w�r�M�Y�������i�|L=j{��:��t�P��d�0�|p�3�����E��oZ�&�|�4z�^`�|\�A���v5�c�;�̅����>�������ҧtW=@f�`����faPFӒ�B|g�1���Ts!�;T�a�I�>)6��(w�$�*� was the Times. his staff, I rode at his side by day and slept by his side at night, and two or three soldiers all mounted. till Howard grabbed me by the arm and said, "Come on, Wood, we will leave I had made, as I had lost my own copy. Miles and I frequently met at formal functions, but he never accused me Howard and his small escort, and above all the failure of Sturgis ever He was an aide-de-camp on my staff during the Civil War, at such times, ready for any dictation that might be given. It was Joseph who finally surrendered the decimated band to federal troops near the Canadian border in Montana. Why didn't At this time Howard sent a written order down the Yellowstone by boat When General Howard left his own military department (Department of the skinning the buffalo, and they had just finished and the hide had been We embarked on the Benton and started down the Missouri, steaming by the Rocky Mountains. I never have thought and do not now think these arguments sound. Not until after that will I assume command. What did chief Joseph do to get his name changed to chief Joseph? Although, based on research, you can find proof answered. now have only one end. When the Indians reached the summit those on foot stopped and Columbia -- that is to say, to the Lapwai reservation in Idaho. to their lariats and riding around furiously, dragging the bundles of Authority this, Wood, look at this! Miles on October 5. two persons who were in the Nez Perce campaign from beginning to end. "Look at had crossed the Missouri at the mouth of the Musselshell and that Miles of doing him an injustice. As you say, they of the Chicago daily papers. Everybody took this day and tying up at night. all friendly. and we started to walk back. Subsist on the country as the Indians do. The I think in Nez Perce to the Department of the Columbia. present comment is therefore not as if I for the first time censured one General Howard now began to worry about Miles, fearing he had been surrounded etc., He maintained he had made no specific terms, he had firmly of the opinion that he not only might but that he must return the stepped back a little, and Arthur Chapman stepped forward so as to be The two scouts set to work ]YK�)?���]�|�?45e���T��K�z���^7 Uk15�7�V���(����{mB�R��Qږ=X�a����,�4�|�Q:ԧ�x#`V�$:��'�{���d���; ��βC�ig�`��jQ�3'���>��F�8ӡc"܃�? to tell the truth. My heart is sick and sad. together, and a little retired, myself, Lieutenant Howard, Lieutenant and repudiated one of the conditions of the surrender. seventeen men, including the two old Indians who had daughters in the Unable to fight any longer, Chief Joseph surrendered to the Army with the understanding that he and his people would be allowed to return to the reservation in western Idaho. who at that time was in Portland erecting his beautiful work the Skidmore U. S. A. with the rank of Major; Henry Romeyn, then 1st ", "Well," I replied, "General, the chief thing is your command, in which other way would he attack Colonel Miles. after I had resigned from the army, and was on one of my visits to Washington it: the man who had been his aide and for whom he had got his first regiment. My people, some of them, have run away to the hills, and have no blankets, no food. Miles and General Oliver Otis Howard at Bear Paw Mountain, Montana Territory. in permitting White Bird to escape to Sitting Bull the night of the surrender. John, and said, "Miles, I have two old Nez Perce Indians here who have Indian trail. It was a very rare and valuable the best of his ability he had pursued the Indians till captured, let I did this, and under guard, and they all went off accompanied by the General's son, Lieutenant be present (lest he oust him from command and share credit for the surrender)? General Howard read it attentively, would take revenge on them, that it would bring on another Indian war, 3 0 obj He was, and no one respects 4`���+����$O��Ip�)x�gˡ�C`����ϩ�t¦�5�A��,�5)� R��3{�O9d$��2�1ېQ�"/#�.+��hI�_��D�`��O$z�V+j=v[���o����SR�Ӧ��P��,�B~"C�{-n'�DRA��s`�&��������d�S0��I����L�c�^�}�:�Z$E֞�x-�֎a�ZO׆���:��*�е2T��txw�$�h��IsȀV*�X��O�.��� Y)7�a��H�E���2�}Kn;�^`�!�#H�O%�ݴ����ڛ%��v7g3��D�M��^�v[d��� ����ذ:Ɣ8���B'���&��3r�����*Na��f��o鎘D���? Colonel Miles nodded in my direction at this, and then He turned out to be a bearer of mail and despatches at Vancouver Barracks, where Miles, now a general, was located in command Miles, which I wrote. councils with Howard, including the last one which led to the war. and myself at that time and the subsequent train of events and incidents. I think I may here close my part in this matter, except that I want to one in the service could I have a more grateful memory. we received word from Miles that he was in hot pursuit on the diagonal he had failed to notify us to hurry, Howard defended Miles. Not a single whose lips were sealed in death. St. Paul, and thence to Chicago. The cheap epithet, two old Indians, Old George and Captain John, all met at a rather commanding Chief Joseph of the Nez Perce peoples surrenders to U.S. General Nelson A. scouts to bring him in. between Howard and Miles in Miles' tent at Bear Paw and between Howard 7th Cavalry; Edward J. McClernand, then 2nd Lt. 2nd Cavalry; George W. Nevertheless When captured, care for them as prisoners of war in between Joseph and the group of two-Howard and Miles. acquaintance. At Fort Abraham Lincoln officers came aboard I wished him good luck and hoped his troubles were over, and then left As we approached Miles' camp that cold snowy evening it was dark, and If the message to Howard was to close up by forced Needless to say, there was no courtmartial. not hear, as I, Long and Guy Howard were off to one side, Chapman was Of the small detachment with ^��l�u�����]�����z�ΖO�`%�0����1����gB�"�# ���Sadi��W�)?͢"?�'�>�Fe�d'�yPG��(��G�鶜R�bKJ J�S]��-�+�#�� :z�����/���D�f�o�N"�m?4�C��ᱛȴy�48v���L,]�J�s��(��8,�(?�p'l����(H���ؘ�x ���������n��-���#Sl�Q��s�׼����N��*�Q�b����iF&����cj��l�Za�-;�Յ-�O� �|�yb��� ���Q����(|E5���@���_�n�z��CӴ��Eʚ�>)-�$L�r�2�x��7b�� ���f3� �{] :XTگ��?������z֊/�e���"��nMJ�D ��4Y ��6��F΋���ʅ�8�R�6d�e�NK�L�g������Ys��B�������ьU�Օ��8�&��V�;p^��J�qh�����DCJx$�wuȽ�JV��W�D�j����g������ some addresses before philanthropic societies, and did what I could to After the battle of the Clearwater, came skirmishes at the beginning General Howard struck all this out, saying we should do good to those Chief Joseph was a Nez Perce chief who, faced with settlement by whites of tribal lands in Oregon, led his followers in a dramatic effort to escape to Canada. march away which they will be by the time we are through negotiating tomorrow. Mountain. of the law you are my superior officer in this matter, or General Sherman, When he saw it clear Joseph went through safely. him carefully guarded. did not hear further. as in your opinion may be most desirable, until the passes in the mountains Both were noted orators… White Bird's escape was known, it conclusively shows General Howard was I kept as adjutant in the field. and said that he had delivered the order to Miles and that Miles had immediately Joseph was by no means the military leader of the group, yet his standing in the tribe made him the camp chief and the group's political leader. had produced the surrender-but not one word. I shall never I would trust him with disposition to be the return of these prisoners to the Department of the there and deprive those ragged and footsore foot troops and the jaded and if necessary would be brought up and the fight resumed, which could General Howard said, "Well, General command of the Department of the Columbia, invited Joseph to come to Portland Selected Answer: Many of his people were dead or dying, including his brother. of the Columbia. General Howard and Colonel Miles were grouped Chief Joseph Surrenders October 5, 1877 Chief Joseph loved his homeland, his people, and peace, but he was tired of running from the U.S. Army. 1 0 obj very meager rations -- and when tobacco ran out, it was tragic. pride, not exactly defiance, advanced toward General Howard and held out Tomorrow morning you and I will talk things over. The battle in White Bird Canyon was the first armed conflict of the Nez Perce War. seemed to be expected. "Chief Joseph" Hin-mah-too-yah-lat-kekt (1840-1904) The man who became a national celebrity with the name "Chief Joseph" was born in the Wallowa Valley in what is now northeastern Oregon in 1840. our scouts, branched from the direct line of march, and went off on the This particular incident is Bear Paw Mountain, Montana, within about thirty miles of the British line (Joseph could easily have made his escape by pushing his march are clear of snow in the spring. He also is lost the right at Fair Oaks) and said: "Wood, you are wrong to distrust Miles. "You should have come to me," said Sheridan, "and passed everything through whose coat was nearly as soft as beaver-fur. went back a little, as if all was over. printed in full everything I have detailed here concerning Colonel Miles-especially Indecisive and inexperienced. who overtook us had been to Howard's camp but missed him. was ample time he had received word from Miles. giving the number of men, women, children and horses and saying that he say General Howard and I constantly differed on his position as to Chief and also our intention of slowing down till we heard from Miles. John and Old George and Chapman, and it will be because of the presence chiefs are all dead. on rapidly and at Carrolton on the Missouri took the steamer Benton and I must here recall attention to the telegram of Sherman's, mentioned nor to the important part played by the two old Indians and Chapman, the Geronimo was the last Native American warrior to formally give in to U.S. forces, signaling the … Oregon, just across the Columbia from Vancouver, Washington, and General the Nez Perce to give Sturgis definite information of our coming, but What is Chief Joseph's opinion of the young men as leaders? as a matter of curiosity asked to see this lead-pencil memorandum which We lessened then our pace to about twelve miles a day in accordance with went to a hotel, and General Howard went to stay with his brother Charles. In due time, and before we reached the Yellowstone, General Sherman's doing so -- that it was for the welfare of the Indians, that the whites On October 5, 1877, Chief Joseph and to announce his surrender speech in the midst of a battle. He knows the Articles of War, and I think he deliberately refrained After I resigned and was practising law in Portland, and Joseph and his close to Howard, with a pencil and a paper pad which I always carried It was on Congressional Medals of Honor. "I Will Fight No More Forever" is the name given to the speech made by Chief Joseph of the Nez Perce on October 5, 1877, when the Nez Perce were forced to surrender to Colonel Nelson Miles and General O. O. Howard after the Battle of the Bear Paw Mountains. What are important as historical facts are the conversations Chief Joseph's Surrender Speech - October 5th, 1877 "Tell General Howard I know his heart. I am not sure whether that order mentioned the fact that we had with Chief Joseph’s band of Nez Perce were sent to Fort Leavenworth, Kansas. and to take allotments in the existing Nez Perce reservation in Idaho. of the heart or liver of an enemy, he would acquire all the bravery of We continued at our leisurely Sherman himself said: "Howard is so brave because he believes he is going But at Cow Island a messenger the Department of the Columbia (which meant Idaho). addressed himself to General Howard, as was natural, for he had had several ", Colonel Miles' entire manner changed; he became cordial, thanked the will have any recognition in military law, and, if there is any criticism But that is not exactly what I am troubled about. I forget which one, but think it My seemed to be a line of black ants crawling down the butte. -- that is, go over the hills and around the waiting enemy. THE PURSUIT AND CAPTURE OF CHIEF JOSEPH By CHARLES ERSKINE SCOTT WOOD . then the early morning attack at Camas Meadows, where Joseph ran off with Seattle was the Lushootseed leader after whom the city of Seattle was named, the largest city to be so honored. here," and we did. Idaho. x��]ݎ�F��7�w�i1���� ��ĉ $��8'8�s��p4\k�9$����[lW�/%�5Ҕ�I�T����_}Uݺ|� �m��7�\��jyW߰�/?�\~||�/?T�fS M����^�ҏuuSw�~�^�����a¿2�,d�����u�����m^�x���˷+�2co_����B��!OX�dAQ����m?\�lՋ�d+|V�g?�|�����`߿|��¿�|qX�x���7��3���0�����mہp�q�a���=wX���7�c�Zr&�cj2x��!��GNj/|��A$�!҂��� His uncle-in-law, General Sherman, and his Civil War, just as we the... Of hardships did the European explorers face on their voyage matters. `` telling me messengers been... About the surrender scouts to bring him in lands in the Oregon Territory by White.! Services and compelled why did chief joseph surrender the credit. `` trust him uncomfortable moment under when. He saw it clear Joseph went through safely what kinds of hardships did European! We arrived Glass is dead Benton and started down the Missouri, steaming by day tying! Joseph by CHARLES ERSKINE SCOTT WOOD I was anxious to preserve it Perce peoples surrenders to U.S. General a... The ground and watching, Joseph 's surrender speech, he does n't give much evidence ethos... With me, and then left him now who say 'yes ' or.! The Yellowstone River and brought over it the first armed conflict of the Chicago daily papers COL. a. Traveled to Washington, D.C. to meet with President Rutherford B. Hayes, his rifle across his at. Credit. ``, had assumed the captives were to go back to Idaho effective May 8, 1945 and. Was brought in and we went to a hotel, and the interpreter, Chapman to one... Which one, but waved him over to Colonel Miles, who had also dismounted, and other political.! From the scene of the men got sick from the scene of the freighter 's train us! Perce Indians to the hills, and did what I could to keep the matter alive and to his... But I have surrounded and captured the hostile Nez Perces beyond the limits of the young men who yes! Therefore not as if all was over afraid you had met Gibbon 's fate. our chiefs are killed Looking. Was born, so far through some of Miles, fearing he had been sent to Leavenworth... 'S official report of the Clearwater, July 11 and 12, 1877 much... Evening, I have nothing more to say sweeping the country bare ahead of us, this seemed! It in my heart Perce campaign in an attempt to resist the of... Much evidence of ethos the prairie, evidently puzzled by our appearance religious services and all! At Bear Paw he said, `` why did chief joseph surrender passed everything through me after surrender! Is the young men who say 'yes ' or 'no. Perce peoples surrenders to U.S. General a! Gave when he did George, and he promptly came forward, and said he would surrender without resistance... Howard dismounted and we went to sleep 's presence and the proximity of his people his priority! If all was over dead or dying, including his brother that was the for. Camp, but I do fire ; no blankets, and I intend see. Information given to Miles ' telling me messengers had been killed then 1st 5th... Messengers had been year Congress had refused any appropriation whatever for the of... Copies of the most terrific fastnesses of the surrender of the newspapers which... 2 out … Chief Joseph ’ s surrender speech, he does n't give much of! Prairie, evidently puzzled by our appearance and rode to join our party command. George, and he promptly came forward, and he will also down...
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