Spawning occurs in fast moving, shallow water in the main stem of river tributaries. Blueback herring (Alosa aestivalis) in Lake Ontario: First record, entry route, and colonization potential. Endangered Species Act (ESA). Jenkins, R. E., and N. M. Burkhead. Like most shad and herring, Range/Habitat. University of South Carolina Press, Columbia, SC, 430 pp. The best way to observe blueback herring spawning runs is to visit the base of dams on warm days in May during periods of low, clear water. Blueback Herring. These threats include: loss of habitat due to decreased access to spawning areas from the construction of dams and other impediments to migration; habitat degradation; fishing; and increased predation due to recovering striped bass populations. Blueback herring Alosa aestivalis (Mitchill, 1814) Classification. Page, L.M., and B.M. The Peterson Field Guide Series, volume 42. It is one of the "typical" North American shads. Aquatic Nuisance Species Digest 2(3):26–27. Blueback herring are a medium-sized, relatively deep-bodied fish. It has been introduced to an unspecified location in the Chesapeake Bay basin in Pennsylvania. Blueback herring Regulations. Herring are a large family of schooling fishes with a worldwide distribution. The Santee and Cooper rivers provide an excellent illustration of the blueback herring… River herring are silver in color and grow to be approximately 10 inches long. In waterways where these species of river herring are plentiful, predators will be feeding on them. The heaviest reported weight for blueback herring is 200 g (0.44 lbs.). Overview of life history aspects of anadromous alewife and blueback herring in freshwater habitats. Freshwater Fishes of South Carolina. Blueback herring can be found along the East Coast of the United States Starting in about February, and running through May, the sexually mature (and normally marine) Hickory Shad, American Shad, Blueback Herring, and Alewife Herring will enter area rivers and swim up them to reach their spawning grounds. Males reach maturity earlier than females and are smaller. The blueback shad is a planktivorous forage species. 1998. There are several threats that have most likely contributed to their decline. Blueback herring form schools and are believed to migrate offshore to overwinter near the bottom. Blueback Herring look much like a closely related species, the Alewife. Anglers in the know build their strategies around herring habits on blueback waters. Journal of Freshwater Ecology, 17(2): 209-221. Texas Parks and Wildlife Department, Management Data Series 78, Austin, TX. Hauser, M. 1998. Common strategies of anadromous and catadromous fishes. During spawning, many eggs are deposited over the stream bottom, where they stick to gravel, stones, logs, or other objects. Blueback herring and alewife are more commonly referred to as river herring along the Atlantic coast of the U.S. Blueback herring are born in fresh water and then migrate to the ocean for their adult lives and then return to fresh water to reproduce. Fish and Wildlife Service also provide funding to the Atlantic Salmon Federation and St Croix International Waterway Commission to continue river herring counts at the Milltown Dam fishway in the St. Croix watershed located in Maine. Menhinick, E. F. 1991. Currently, a River Herring Conservation Plan is being developed and implemented for the management of alewife and blueback herring. Bethesda: American … It is during this time that anglers will commonly encounter them, and with any luck, catch them. Males generally mature earlier at between 3 and 4 years of age and at a smaller size than the females. Good, S. - Vermont Department of Fish and Wildlife, Pittsford, VT. As anadromous fish, blueback herring migrate inshore and up rivers to spawn in fresh or slightly brackish water with an outlet to the sea in late spring. Juvenile blueback herring grow rapidly in freshwater until late summer and fall, when they migrate downstream to the ocean. Alosa aestivalis. blueback, herring, fish, image 3366 × 1989 (JPG, 734.4 KB, CC0) ‹ › Free download Original (3366 × 1989 734.4 KB JPG) Medium (725 × 428 25.4 KB JPG) Freshwater. Once hatched, … Blueback herring are a prolific species and apparently adapt well to deep, clear freshwater lakes. 1991. The prolific and fast-growing blueback herring fit the bill on many lakes, including Chatuge. Interannual and long-term variation in the nearshore fish community of the mesohaline Hudson River Estuary. Rasmussen, J.L. Juveniles spend three to seven months in fresh water, then migrate to the ocean. Blueback populations have exhibited drastic declines throughout much of their range. These fish are silvery in color, have a series of scutes (modified, spiny and keeled scales) along their bellies, and are characterized by deep bluish-green backs. It is now illegal for any person to have river herring in their possession, including blueback herring and alewife. “Blueback herring and shad spawn totally differently,” says Ashley. In Connecticut, blueback shad spawn in 14 to 17 °C (57 to 63 °F) water, usually later in the spring than the alewife. In response to the declining trend for river herring, the states of Alabama, Massachusetts, Rhode Island, Connecticut, Virginia, Delaware and North Carolina have instituted moratoriums on taking and possession. Journal of Great Lakes Research, 24(3):723-730. Federal Aid Project F-31-R-9. Males reach sexual maturity after 3-4 years, and females by age 5. 1991. 2004. Blueback herring are are a migratory species. SPECIES OVERVIEW. Herring support some of … The eggs are yellowish and semi-transparent. To take herring for recreational purposes using a herring gill net, a person MUST have a recreational fishing license, gear license, and related permits. MacNeill, D. - New York Sea Grant, State University of New York at Brockport, Brockport, NY. Guest, W. C. 1983. 2002. The blueback shad is a planktivo… RANGE: The range of Blueback herring extends from the lower parts of Cape Breton rivers in Nova Scotia, Canada and south to the St. John’s River in Florida. Loesch JG. Blueback herring baitfish is closely monitored by the Alabama Department of Conservation and Natural Resources. Blueback herring are a prolific species and apparently adapt well to deep, clear freshwater lakes. Houghton Mifflin Company, Boston, MA. Females usually mature by age five and produce between 60,000 and 103,000 eggs. The freshwater fishes of North Carolina. It is caught (during its migration up stream) using large dip nets to scoop the fish out of shallow, constricted areas on its migratory streams and rivers. In: Dadswell MJ, Klauda RJ, Moffitt CM, Saunders RL, editors. By their open-water, nomadic nature they stay on the move. Since blueback herring eat fish eggs and fry as well as the food that gamefish fry eat, they are direct predators and competitors with them. A field guide to freshwater fishes of North America north of Mexico. But make no mistake; anglers who can hone in on a Herring bite are often the tournament winners. It migrates to spawning grounds in the spring. Most species are marine, with some being anadromous and/or freshwater. Blueback herring are distinguished from other Atlantic herring by differences in body depth, origin of the dorsal fin, coloration patterns, and markings on the underside. Blueback herring (Alosa aestivalis) in Lake Ontario: First record, entry route, and colonization potential. Estuaries, 27(4):659-669. Herring spawn over hard bottom on main lake and secondary points and shallow flats, often in a foot of water or less. 2009. Blueback shad were first collected in Lake Ontario in 1995, and have been collected from the Tennessee River in Georgia and Tennessee; Oneida Lake, the Oswego River, and Lake Champlain in New York. New Hampshire, blueback herring historically spawned in the rivers and streams that drain into Great Bay, coastal drainages, the Merrimack River, and the Connecticut River (Scarola 1987). Juvenile blueback herring spend 3-9 months in freshwater, then migrate downstream to the ocean. As a result, they have become huge forage bases for a variety of large predatory fish like bass, striped bass, muskies, catfish, walleye, and northern pike. It migrates to spawning grounds in the spring. At 65 degrees, a lot of bass are done spawning, but some are not. Water temperature and clarity influence their spawn. This fish is anadromous, living in marine systems and spawning in deep, swift freshwater rivers with hard substrates. With three sizes and a medium-slow sink speed, LIVETARGET is delivering a Herring Swimbait that looks like it just jumped out of the bait well. Alewives have larger eyes, greater body depth, and pearly to white peritoneal linings. After spawning, adults immediately migrate downstream. An alewife herring's peritoneum is pale with dusky spots. Herring travel up to 1200 miles to reach their spawning grounds. River herring, a term that includes both the alewife (Alosa pseudoharengus) and blueback species (Alosa aestivalis), were once a commercially important fish for the state of New Jersey.Alewife and blueback herring are anadromous, meaning they spawn in freshwater but return to saltwater to live. 1981). Van Der Avyle. Learn how and when to remove this template message, National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, http://nas.er.usgs.gov/queries/FactSheet.aspx?speciesID=488, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Blueback_herring&oldid=969264460, Articles lacking in-text citations from March 2014, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. Problems for freshwater lakes. DIET: Blueback herring feed on small fishes, copepods, and small shrimps. A comparison of diets of blueback herring (Alosa aestivalis) and threadfin shad (Dorosoma petenense) in a large southeastern reservoir. Blueback herring evaluation. Blueback herring may live up to 8 years and can spawn multiple times. Physical Description The blueback herring is slender like the alewife ( Alosa pseudoharengus ) and several papers that exist only for identification purposes between these two species (MacLellan et.al. River Herring is a collective term used to describe both anadromous alewives and blueback herring. 2002. It eats a variety of items including plankton, fish fry, and shrimp. Males and females release their sperm and eggs simultaneously into the water. During the herring sp… Blueback herring are an anadromous species which form schools along the coastline and then begin to approach the shore in late spring to enter freshwater to spawn. Mechanisms for migration of anadromous herring: An ecological basis for effective conservation. Page, L. M., and B. M. Burr. Owens, R. - U.S. Geological Survey, Oswego, NY. If you can catch these baitfish with a casting net or hook-an… Blueback herring larvae are found in fresh and brackish rivers. 19 pp. Howells, R. G. 1992a. Good locations are the Housatonic River at the Derby Dam, Sasco Brook in Westport/Fairfield at U.S. Route 1, the Salmon River at the Leesville Dam in East Haddam, and the Shetucket River at the Greenville Dam in Norwich. Houghton Mifflin Company, Boston, MA. "They don't know exactly what happened. Blueback herring are an anadromous species which form schools along the coastline and then begin to approach the shore in late spring to enter freshwater to spawn. While one of many that do so, it is of considerable importance to the commercial and sport fishermen of South Carolina. Alosa aestivalis. bluebacks spend their life at sea and travel up freshwater . Female blueback herring reach maturity between ages three to five, and can lay 30,000 to 400,000 eggs each. Champlain Canal fish barrierTh study. The blueback is anadromous and develops in freshwater, then migrates to marine, and then migrates back to freshwater to spawn. Robinson, who grew up in Greer, South Carolina and now lives 90 minutes northwest of Columbia in Lyman, is undoubtedly the 24-angler field’s resident expert on blueback herring fisheries: he’s fished the area’s blueback systems (the Pee Dee, Santee, Cooper and Savannah River drainages) since he was a kid, and has racked up 15 Top 50 finishes in B.A.S.S. The blueback herring is a U.S. National Marine Fisheries Service Species of Concern. Freshwater. Ecological Applications, 12(2): 521-534. It is also used for human consumption, usually smoked. Each spring, a population of herring loyal to Juvenile blueback herring normally remain in the same watershed throughout the summer and fall and then migrate to the sea. Herring are forage fish, mostly belonging to the family Clupeidae.. Spawning occurs in fast moving, shallow water in the main stem of river tributaries. It seemed the overall fish population thrived. Rohde, F.C., R.G. (2006). Freshwater fishes of Virginia. Aquatic nuisance species of the Mississippi River basin. Maturity is reached after 3 to 4 years in males and 4 to 5 years in females. Bluebacks have been collected from Lake Champlain, Vermont, and have been stocked in several inland reservoirs in Virginia, including Smith Mountain Lake, Occoquan Reservoir, Kerr Reservoir, and Lakes Anna, Brittle, and Chesdin. Juvenile blueback herring leave fresh and brackish nursery grounds when they are about 5 cm (2 inches) long before they begin to migrate out to sea. General Information. The most distinguishing characteristic of this species is the black to dusky in color of its peritoneum (the lining of the abdominal cavity). Blueback are bluish along the back with a silvery head; alewife is grayish- blue above, with a bronze head. Order: Clupeiformes Family: Clupeidae Alternate Names: blueback shad, river herring Status: Marine, brackish, freshwater Notes: Introduced to Tennessee and Chattahoochee Reservoirs. They have been collected in Lake Jocassee, Lake Keowee, Picalet River, Broad River, and Lake Murray in South Carolina. 1998. During spawning season, it migrates into coastal rivers. “Herring spawn immediately after bass — about 65 to 70 degrees — and before the shad spawn. The Peterson Field Guide Series, volume 42. The blueback herring is a diadromous fish, meaning it migrates between fresh and saltwater. Throughout the 7,500 acres of the north Georgia impoundment is an overabundance of the landlocked saltwater baitfish. In Connecticut, blueback shad spawn in 14 to 17 °C (57 to 63 °F) water, usually later in the spring than the alewife. Best Fishing. Female herring are fully mature at five years old and produce 60,000 to 100,000 eggs. Owens, R. W., R. O'gorman, E. L. Mills, L. G. Rudstam, J. J. Hasse, B. H. Kulik, and D. R. MacNeill. rivers every spring to spawn. North Carolina Wildlife Resources Commission. 60th Midwest Fish and Wildlife Conference, Aquatic Nuisance Symposium, Cincinnati, OH. Journal of Great Lakes Research 24(3):723-730. Blueback herring spawn from late March through mid-May, depending on latitude. Since they are exotic species introduced to Lewis Smith Lake, they are closely watched. 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