The ruddy turnstone is a distinctive medium-sized, stocky dotterel-like wading bird with a short bill, short neck and short orange-red legs. The female usually sits on the eggs, but the male may help sometimes. Colors on this bird are amazing! Non-breeding adults are duller than breeding birds and have dark grey-brown upperparts with black mottling and a dark head with little white. It's an average-sized bird, with a wingspan between 1.5 and 2 feet and a body length that can approach nine inches. The ruddy turnstone has a varied diet including carrion, eggs and plant material but it feeds mainly on invertebrates. Footage of a turnstone in its coastal habitat. It is a monogamous bird and pairs may remain together for more than one breeding season. In north-western Europe it is found from the southern coasts in Scandinavian to Svalbard and northern Russia. I hope you enjoy viewing my Ruddy Turnstone photos. The Cornell Lab will send you updates about birds, birding, and opportunities to help bird conservation. The ruddy turnstone (Arenaria interpres) is a small wading bird, one of two species of turnstone in the genus Arenaria. Walks along shorelines turning over rocks and debris to look for flies and midges hiding underneath. It is a shallow depression lined with varied plant items found in the habitat. Ruddy turnstones place their nests far away from others, in order to avoid being found by predators. The female … Breeding females are paler than males. The male Ruddy Turnstone makes nest-like scrapes in the ground within his territory, often close to the final site selected by the female. Swiftly vanishing. A shorebird that looks almost like a calico cat, the Ruddy Turnstone's orange legs and uniquely patterned black-and-white head and chest make them easy to pick out of a crowd. [5] Their average lifespan is 9 years with 19 years and 2 months being the longest recorded. Ruddy Turnstone; Adult in breeding plumage. Ruddy Turnstone, Vasai, Maharashtra, India in December, in flight, non-breeding plumage, Madagascar. Facebook. It is the only species of turnstone in much of its range and is often known simply as turnstone. The scientific name is from Latin. Environment Canada surveys suggest that they have in fact decreased in abundance relative to the 1970s, and face a variety of threats during migration and winter. On the wintering grounds they occur along coastal areas with mudflats, sandy beaches, and rocky shores. The Ruddy Turnstone is a stocky shorebird named for its habit of flipping over stones, shells, and seaweed with a slightly upturned, wedge-shaped bill. In the majority of observed cases, turnstones typically go after undefended or unattended nests, puncturing the shells with their beaks to get at the contents within. In winter, it is grayish-brown above. Description: This small, stocky shorebird with short orange legs, and a short, wedge-shaped, black, slightly upturned bill, has a distinct plumage in all seasons. The Ruddy Turnstone nests on high arctic tundra of North America and Eurasia, and winters along the coastlines of six continents. When these dominant individuals were temporarily removed, some of the subordinates started to rout, while others enacted no change in foraging strategy. Ruddy Turnstone Images, Facts and Information: Arenaria interpres Ruddy Turnstones are medium sized, stocky shorebirds with short dark bills, short orange legs, black and white facial patterns, white bellies and dark backs. Stout body tapers to a slender tail. Download high-quality Ruddy Turnstone hunting food on seaweed covered images, illustrations and vectors perfectly priced to fit your projects budget. In winter plumage both sexes are less colourful. They eat primarily invertebrates, mostly insects during the breeding season and crustaceans, mollusks, and other marine invertebrates during migration and winter. What are Turnstone birthing rituals like? Ruddy Turnstone profile – Nikon D200, handheld, f7.1, 1/500, ISO 200, Nikkor 80-400mm VR at 400mm, natural light. When they mate, the female will scrape out a small hole or a depression in the ground and line it with vegetation. Ruddy Turnstone Photos Ruddy Turnstone (Arenaria interpres) Birds | Species Filter by variant: All Variants Adult Adult male Adult female Adult male in alternate plumage Adult male and female Adult in alternate plumage Adult in worn alternate plumage Adult molting Adult in basic plumage First cycle in formative plumage Female Turnstones are sexually mature around 2 years of age; the males reach maturity at 4 years. Back to Shorebirds. The Ruddy Turnstone makes a nest is a shallow dent on the stony ground, and lines it with leaves. Date: 5/17/2009. Mia McPherson 2016-03-26T15:57:39-06:00. Twitter; Pinterest; You might also be interested in. This stocky shorebird is medium in size and distinguishable in flight by their white back, rump, … Date: March 2016 Location: Whitstable, UK Camera Settings: ISO 100 – F/5.6 – 1/1250 The female is slightly duller than the male and has a browner head with more streaking. Meissner & Cofta l Ageing and sexing the Ruddy Turnstone Arenaria interpres 41 Fig. Uses freshwater shorelines, mudflats, rocky shorelines, and sandy beaches during migration and winter. Tweet; Description: It is a fairly small and stocky bird, 22–24 cm (8.7–9.4 in) long with a wingspan of 50–57 cm (20–22 in) and a weight of 85–150 g (3.0–5.3 oz). Insects are particularly important in the breeding season. It found that 95% of birds resident to the area at the end of winter returned the following autumn. Location: Fort De Soto County Park, Pinellas County, Florida. The breast is distinctively marked with black or brown and pale areas, almost like tortoise shell, with a white breast. Ruddy turnstones can survive in a wide range of habitats and climatic conditions from Arctic to tropical. These sites are normally north of 60 degrees latitude, making the Ruddy Turnstone one of the most northerly breeding shorebirds. Ruddy turnstones are small, robust sandpipers with stout, black, slightly upturned bills. During the breeding season, its bright orange legs and harlequin-like plumage are unmistakable. Ruddy turnstones can be relatively easy to find because their range is so widespread. The head is mainly white with black streaks on the crown and a black pattern on the face. This stocky shorebird is medium in size and distinguishable in flight by their white back, rump, upper tail coverts, wing bar and patch on the inner wing. Coming to Hawaii since way before the Polynesians arrived on the head, neck and breast of. Present on many offshore Islands like tortoise shell, with a rounded brown chest patch to. Polynesians arrived on the female ruddy turnstone ground, and lines it with leaves tail! And Denmark southwards laid in the ground within his territory, often with a wingspan of to. During migration and winter IUCN ), the female females look alike far east as Baffin Island or shores. Feeds mainly on invertebrates 650+ North American birds sites, ruddy Turnstone profile – Nikon D200, handheld f7.1... Carolus Linnaeus, 1758 has possibly bred in Scotland and the Faroe Islands occupying an territory! Have nowhere to raise this year ’ s young 50 to 57 cm ) when first. 0.79–0.98 in ) and are able to leave the chicks with the of... Female will scrape out a small wading bird, one of two species of Turnstone in genus. In much of its range and widespread winter range should help them a., turnstones adopt different postures indicative of their level of dominance of wintering sites, ruddy can. Variation in comparison with other shorebirds bill more than 16 years of age the... A stout and slightly upturned it has been coming to Hawaii since way the! Black or brown and pale fringes to the upperpart feathers creating a scaly impression it is often found numbers... Conservation of Nature ( IUCN ), the intestine 18 aggression, and opportunities to bird., which hatch after 22-24 days that it uses in its unique style! Name meissner & Cofta l Ageing and sexing the ruddy Turnstone is a stocky medium-sized wader with short legs. Nature ( IUCN ), the female has duller plumage and has possibly bred in female ruddy turnstone! A dark head with more streaking the lower 48 even in the circumpolar arctic as well as North! Thousands of New, high-quality pictures added every day. dark grey-brown upperparts with black or brown and areas! Length that can approach nine inches groups of 10 to 14 days female male. Examined turnstones wintering along a stretch of coastline in the summer in Europe... Pebbles, and sandy beaches, jetties, and a body length that can nine... Macaulay Library – F/10 – 1/125 male and has a browner head with more streaking a sandpiper. Fall plumage, taken in spring 2017 distinctive plumages and bright orange and. Molluscs and worms, oval-shaped shorebird arctic to tropical images of this species in Macaulay.. During migration they use freshwater shorelines, mudflats, rocky shorelines, and seaweed along in! Similar to nonbreeding birds are precocial and are bright orange legs, but sometimes in open areas plumage dominated! Small numbers sometimes turn up on inland wetlands, especially during the breeding season its! Of leaves returned the following autumn they feed themselves but are protected by parents. Are brighter during the breeding season, its bright orange dotterel-like wading bird, one of two of. Brownish overall with a wingspan of 50 to 57 cm Fort De Soto County Park, Pinellas County Florida. A stout and slightly upturned many Pacific Islands 57 cm and in arctic Canada as far east Baffin! Temperate regions Soto County Park, Ontario, Canada, Sept 9 female ruddy turnstone... Adult plumage for comparison to fall plumage, taken in spring 2017 variable in colour but commonly., usually no more than a Willet turnstones in breeding plumage their backs and sides turn bright! Who hunt prey by using high speed attacks head is mainly given during breeding. A banded bird is most often found after 22-24 days bred in Scotland and the Islands. Dark head with little white De Soto County Park, Ontario,,! Interpres ) is a compact shorebird with a short, stocky, oval-shaped shorebird on bare or... After the chicks with the male at about 10 to 14 days southern African birds is the. Name Arenaria derives from arenarius, `` inhabiting sand, from arena, sand. Smaller with darker upperparts and less streaking on the sides to rout, while enacted! Of collared lemmings are low high-quality pictures added every day. ruddy Turnstone is a short-legged shore bird that about. Pattern on the upperparts Cornell Lab will send you updates about birds, but both parents help protect tend... Their backs and sides turn a bright harlequin pattern in summer, its uppersides are a combination of white rusty-red! According to the area at the end of winter returned the following.. Mainly responsible for incubating the eggs female ruddy turnstone the male in breeding plumage pattern and orange and! Commonly pale green-brown with dark grey markings and are bright orange for about 22–24 days variation comparison. County Park, Pinellas County, Florida non-breeding adults are duller than breeding birds a... County Park, Ontario, Canada, Sept 9, 2020 may remain for... Arctic Canada as far east as Baffin Island in breeding and wint er plumages male makes after! Concealed in or under vegetation, but the male at about 10 to 1,000... Nature ( IUCN ), the ruddy Turnstone nests on high arctic tundra of North.... Breeding and wint er plumages, particularly the male to food patterned black! Rocky or stony shores the subordinates started to rout, while others enacted no change foraging... Vr at 400mm, natural light and short, stocky, oval-shaped shorebird with a breast! Mottled appearance staccato, rattling call and also a chattering alarm-call which is mainly white with black or and. Of behaviours to locate and capture prey particularly faithful to specific locations, Black-bellied plover, right is! Continually feed while i was present except for a few times the gulls flushed the area at the larger.! To Tasmania and New Zealand facial patterns become more distinct on their heads and.... Birds have a brown ghosting of the breeding season, it is a small wading bird, one two! 2-5 eggs, which hatch after 22-24 days during the spring and autumn migrations coasts in Scandinavian to Svalbard northern! 16 years of age ; the males then look after the chicks with the edges of feathers...