Increasingly used as a native landscaping plant, there are now a selection of varieties and cultivars available, some taller, some shorter or "dwarf." Also, the fruit of the fragrant sumac … Rhus aromatica. The leaves are fragrant or at least odorous. The common name sumac is from the Middle English for related tree. Many birds and mammals feed on the fruit. Fragrant Sumac Rhus aromatica Cashew family (Anacardiaceae) Description: This woody shrub is 2-8' tall. It is native to North America and can be found in Southern Ontario. Fragrant sumac (Rhus aromatica) is a low growing shrub with spreading branches that turn up at the tips. Becoming popular as a landscaping plant. We protect and manage the fish, forest, and wildlife of the state. Fragrant sumac is drought tolerant and thrives in full sun; the leaves turn red and orange in fall. Aromatic Sumac, Fragrant Sumac, Sweet-scented Sumac, Three-leaf Sumac, Skunk-bush Sumac Rhus aromatica . Typically grows 2-4' tall (less frequently to 6') and spreads to 10' wide. Fragrant sumac commonly grows in low colonies in open woodlands. Yes, some varieties are poisonous, but many are not, and it’s not difficult to … Sumac trees and shrubs are interesting throughout the year. Fragrant sumac has a greater chance of taking the abuse than the other plants and may act as protection for them. Call it a cousin-cidence. Noteworthy Characteristics. Known … US east of the Rocky Mountains, from Ontario and Aromatic sumac is widespread and adaptable in hills and woods, occurring in East Texas, east and south to Florida, north to Vermont, Missouri and Minnesota. It grows at a slow rate, and under ideal conditions can be expected to live for approximately 25 years. Also, fragrant sumac has hairy, reddish fruits (not waxy whitish ones). Note the lack of a separate, elongated leaf stalk on the center leaflet; instead, the leaf middle leaflet blade tapers to where it joins the other two. Bark is dark brown, smooth on young stems, becoming cracked later; pores prominent. The foliage is relatively unpalatable due to the high tannin content of the leaves. Fruits May–July, round, red, hairy, about ¼ inch long. The cultivar 'Gro-low' is often used as a ground cover as it is lower-growing. Noted for its aromatic foliage, attractive berries and glorious fall colors, Rhus aromatica (Fragrant Sumac) is a dense, sprawling, deciduous shrub with lower branches that turn up at the tips. Turns out they’re all cousins. Depending on the variety, it is variable in size and branching habit. It is the stems that are pungently fragrant. Sumac is a fairly common plant, and you were probably taught for years that it is poisonous and should be avoided. There is also a recipe that uses the Fragrant Sumac fruit to … Very nice fall color. The leaves of fragrant sumac turn brilliant colors in the fall. The show begins with large clusters of flowers in spring, followed by attractive, brilliantly colored fall foliage. Does well as a border planting along woods. Fragrant Sumac makes a pretty hedge or back of the border, especially if you like a wilder edge to your landscape. Like its cousin poison ivy, fragrant sumac turns lovely colors in the fall. The fruit is eaten by many species of birds and mammals. Find local MDC conservation agents, consultants, education specialists, and regional offices. Sumac is any one of about 35 species of flowering plants in the genus Rhus and related genera, in the family Anacardiaceae. Fragrant Sumac slide 28c 360% slide 28a 360% slide 28d 520% III-53. Fragrant Sumac can be an erect shrub with ascending branches, or it can be a low shrub with spreading branches. Straggling to upright native shrubs 0.5-2(-2.5) meters tall (rarely tree-like), forming colonial thickets of up to 10 feet spread, suckering from the roots, the branches slender ascending, puberulent, glabrate, or densely pilose; buds naked, tiny, yellow, hairy, surrounded by a raised, circular leaf scar. Trees are woody plants over 13 feet tall with a single trunk. In fall, the leaves turn brilliant hues and add to its value as a shrub. Modest yellow flowers appear in spring followed by small dark red fruits (on female plants) in fall. This shrub will form a low colony and grows in dreadful soils that other plants would find intolerable. The bright green leaves look like rounded poison ivy leaves but are non-allergenic and turn bright red, yellow-orange and purple in the fall. Fragrant sumac (Rhus aromatica) is often mistaken for poison oak, and both grow in similar habitats. The bright red clusters of autumn berries often last into winter. It is used as a ground cover, and an excellent shrub for stabilizing banks and slopes. The common name sumac is from the Middle English for related tree. Uses For Sumac Berries. Winged (dwarf, or shining) sumac (R. copallinum) is most common south of the Missouri River. western Quebec, Massachusetts and New Hampshire Fragrant sumac is named for the spicy citrus fragrance, evident when the leaves are bruised. A small native Missouri shrub. Wildlife Value: A favorite of grouse and turkey. All parts edible and astringent. Similar species: Poison ivy looks similar, but the terminal leaflets on poison ivy are on stalks ½–1¾ inches long, and its berries are creamy-white and hairless. Small yellow flowers are present from early spring before foliage growth. A small rounded, spreading shrub which forms a dense thicket of stems. Note the middle leaflet of its "leaves of three": On fragrant sumac, there is no (or at most a very short) leaf stalk on that middle leaflet. Use Fragrant Sumac in sun or light shade in dryish soil. To survive during severe winters, rabbits eat the bark. The leaves and twigs are fragrant when crushed or damaged, a feature that lends the plant its common name. Natives have been known to use the root to create a medicine for diarrhea. Fragrant Sumac 'Gro Low' ( Rhus aromatica) are short, wide growing shrubs with bright fall foliage. The foliage is green in summer and scarlet in fall. Occurs in rocky or open woods, in thickets, on glades, and along ledges. Vines require support or else sprawl over the ground. Fragrant sumac is a dense, low shrub that readily spreads by suckers to form thickets. South Dakota. Soils should be well drained and of dry to medium moisture. Leaves are alternate, compound with three leaflets, leaflets lacking stalks; terminal leaflet 2–2½ inches long, short stalked, egg-shaped, tip pointed to rounded, margin lobed or coarsely toothed, lower edge lacking teeth; foliage fragrant when crushed. Fragrant Sumac will grow to be about 3 feet tall at maturity, with a spread of 6 feet. Also, fragrant sumac has hairy, reddish fruits (not waxy whitish ones), and it never crawls up trees as a vine. The shrub was fragrant sumac (Rhus aromatica). Fruit and leaves can be chewed for stomach ache, diabetes. Form Growth Habit - Ascending, branchlets pubescent, rounded mounds. Rhus aromatica, commonly called fragrant sumac, is a deciduous Missouri native shrub which occurs in open woods, glades and thickets throughout the State.A dense, low-growing, rambling shrub which spreads by root suckers to form thickets in the wild. Fragrant Sumac (Rhus aromatica) General Description ... Fruit Type - Hairy-clustered drupes, 1/4 inch in diameter, females only. The sumac has dense branches that reach a height of up to 8 feet and a width of up to 10 feet. 'Grow Low' are easy to grow in many soils types. The leaves of the three species differ slightly as well. If you want great fall colour, and a native North American plant to boot, this may be the shrub for you. Fruit Color - Red. Aromatic sumac, lemon sumac, polecat sumac Uses: The fruit is an important winter food for birds, including turkeys, ruffed grouse, robins and flickers, and for various small mammals. Leaves, Stews and Fruit Fragrant sumac leaves are arranged as 3 leaflets. Native to North America, it is dioecious with separate male and female plants. Staghorn sumac, or Rhus typhina, is easily identified by the red fruit clusters resembling an Olympic torch, or the velvety antlers of a male deer (stag), hence the name of “staghorn.” Sumac is very popular in both the Middle East and the Mediterranean. Yellow-green flowers appear before leaves emerge. Staghorn Sumac has leaves that have a hairy leaf stem and rachis, the stem that the leaflets are attached to. During the winter, small mammals, turkeys, grouse, robins, and flickers eat the seeds and rabbits and mice eat the bark. Unlike its cousin poison ivy, fragrant sumac is a peasant, nontoxic plant. Fragrant sumac definition is - a sweet-scented sumac (Rhus aromatica) with ternate leaves, yellowish green flowers in spikes resembling catkins, and red hairy fruits. One difference is that the leaflets of fragrant sumac are attached at a single point, while the terminal leaflet of poison oak has a short stem. The male plants produce yellow catkins while the female plants boast clusters of tiny yellow flowers in spring. Fragrant bush up to 7ft tall, red hairy oily fruits, 3-leaf design, yellow flowers, red fuzzy berries. Fragrant sumac is a thicket-forming shrub, with branches ascending or lying on the ground. Flowers: yellow, in small, dense inflorescences on short lateral shoots, opening before the leaves, bisexual and unisexual, both types borne on the same plant (the species polygamodioecious); male (staminate) flowers in yellowish catkins, female (pistillate) flowers in bright yellow, short panicles at the ends of branches. The Smooth Sumac and Shining Sumac are smooth both on the twigs and the fruits. Some people make an iced tea from the sour berries, sweetened like lemonade. Use Known for its lemony scent, fragrant sumac is a native Midwestern plant that blooms in early spring with greenish-yellow flowers and bright red and orange fruits in late summer and fall. Fuzzy, kind of like a staghorn sumac (Rhus typina). Smooth sumac and fragrant sumac have always been conspicuous in the fall, but now they seem more apparent to me. Anacardiaceae. Fragrant … Twigs are slender, flexible, brown, hairy, becoming smooth later. Read on for sumac tree info and growing tips. These stems spread out horizontally over the ground and can root where they come in contact with th… Depending on the type, fragrant sumac can make a good foundation planting or a good screen during the growing season. Facts. These plants grow naturally throughout the woods in the central part of the U.S., so they do fine in full sunlight to dappled shade. Fragrant Sumac. Shrubs are less than 13 feet tall, with multiple stems. Uses: Excellent cover to stabilize bankings. When to Plant a Fragrant Sumac. Note that it never climbs as a vine up the sides of trees. They remind me of the Native Americans that first occupied this land, simply because they were such important sources of food, medicines, weaving materials and dyes. Call 1-800-392-1111 to report poaching and arson. Foliage/fruit. It is a thicket-forming shrub or small tree with a rounded top. Comments: Fragrant sumac forms thickets up … Flowers late March–April, before the leaves; clusters 1½ inches long, at ends of twigs (not along stems); flowers small, yellowish-green; petals egg-shaped, tips pointed; stamens shorter than the petals. The leaves were also used in treatments of colds. Its compound leaves with three leaflets loosely resemble those of its cousin, poison ivy, but this plant is not poisonous. The fruit on this species is also fuzzy, with lots of tiny hairs on each berry in its fruit clusters. It tends to fill out right to the ground and therefore doesn't necessarily require facer plants in front. Now, however, we are getting back to discovering the truth behind this plant. This is a great plant for … The leaflets are egg-shaped and coarsely toothed. If you plant this, you can have a bit of fun surprising visitors who can't tell it from poison ivy! Fruits: 5-7 mm in diameter, bright red at maturity and densely hairy, containing a single nutlet 3.8-4.5 mm long, in terminal clusters. The fall color is a vibrant red to orange, and birds flock to the clusters of red, fuzzy berries. Fruits: 5-7 mm in diameter, bright red at maturity and densely hairy, containing a single nutlet 3.8-4.5 mm long, in terminal clusters. Fragrant sumac. There are no sharp dividing lines between trees, shrubs, and woody vines, or even between woody and nonwoody plants. It is a trailing-rooting and colonizing ground cover. The fruits were used to treat toothaches and the flu. Michael Dirr, author of The Manual of Woody Plants, says of fragrant sumac that although it is “somewhat of a second-class citizen”, he “cannot remember any (of the hundreds he has seen over the years) that were offensive”. Berries soaked in … Fragrant Sumac is a slow growing shrub that typically grows 2-4 meters tall. This website uses a cookie to track whether you choose to see the weeds in order by scientific name or common name. Clusters of fuzzy red fruit form on female plants through June. Fragrant sumac is a low-growing shrub (4 feet or 1.2 m tall), which forms thickets in glades and on rocky balds. Fragrant_sumac_fall_color_Portland_10-27-18.JPG, Wildflowers, Grasses and Other Nonwoody Plants. It has trifoliate (with three leaflets), medium-green leaves that turn orange, red, and purple in autumn. Height is 2 to 5 feet tall and 5 to 10 feet wide. Fragrant sumac prefers upland open woods, fields and rocky cliffs. Fragrant sumac is native to most of the Small berries are attractive to birds and other pollinators. The leaves are fragrant or at least odorous. We facilitate and provide opportunity for all citizens to use, enjoy, and learn about these resources. It grows in subtropical and temperate regions throughout the world, especially in East Asia, Africa, and North America. Also, poison ivy can climb as a vine, with aerial roots, while fragrant sumac doesn't climb at all. Natives of Canada and the United States have used fragrant sumac over the centuries for its astringent properties, which assist with poultices. Fragrant sumac has hairy, reddish fruits (while poison ivy has waxy whitish fruits). Bark used for lung and urinary tract issues dysentery, diarrhea. It has small yellow flowers, hairy red fruits, and glossy leaves that change to gorgeous orange-red in autumn. Tends to sucker and root along stems that touch the soil, forming a dense stand. Small yellow flowers bloom in late March or early April. Sumac family (Anacardiaceae). Leaves: deciduous, alternate, compound with 3 leaflets, variable in shape, lobing, and margin, the leaflets unstalked, ovate to rhomboid, more or less wedge-shaped at the base, coarsely-toothed, usually shiny-glabrous above, the terminal leaflet 3-6.5 cm long; summer foliage green to glossy blue-green, turning orange to red or purple in the fall. Trailing-rooting ground covers have trailing stems that spread out from a central root system. Low, irregular spreading shrub with lower branches that grow horizontally then turn up at the tips. The thickets provide wildlife cover. “Wood” is a type of tissue made of cellulose and lignin that many plants develop as they mature — whether they are “woody” or not. Fragrant sumac root was used by Native Americans to In late July, fruit matures as fuzzy, scarlet berries in dense, round clusters that persist through winter. Fruit: Persists into winter. 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