Not only did this trio store well and provided calories, protein and vitamins, but planting squash and beans next to corn had qualities that benefited each. Still other plants add nitrogen to the soil, which is important because corn feeds heavily on nitrogen. Remember to let plenty of the dill flower, too, because that’s what will attract those beneficial parasitic wasps. Squash, pumpkins, cucumbers, turnips, sunflowers, and raspberries are among the plants you shouldn’t plant near these annuals, which are hardy to Zones 3-10 and thrive in cooler climates. A classic example of companion planting is the Three Sisters trio—maize, … Find seeds for ‘Crimson Giant’ available at Eden Brothers. Peas - are another legume that fixes nitrogen in the soil, making it a perfect corn companion plant. … Plus, like other legumes, clover is able to fix nitrogen from the atmosphere into the soil. While corn, in a traditional sense, is actually a grain, when it’s still in on the ear, it’s considered a vegetable. Companion plants for cantaloupe include corn, pumpkin, squash, collards, borage, oregano, radishes, marigolds, petunias and beans. Last, approximately a week after planting the bean seeds, you plant a winter squash variety. Learn more about the different varieties of nasturtiums here. The Best Strawberry Companion Plants. Well, yes and no. Find ‘Alaska Mix’ nasturtium seeds in a variety of packet sizes available at Eden Brothers. This year, after learning my lesson and starting earlier, I’ve got sweet corn thriving in my garden. Toss the blooms and leaves in your favorite salad for a zesty kick. To deter carrot flies from destroying your carrot crop, plant carrots near onions, leeks, and … This age old grouping involves growing corn, beans and squash – often pumpkin – in the same area. Dill - is a great herb to grow near corn. This growing method is called companion planting with corn, squash and beans, but there are other plants to grow with corn that are just as compatible. As the beans grow, train the shoots to wind around the stalks. Are you ready to learn more about the best things to plant with your Z. mays? So plant sunflowers near your corn and enjoy the presence of beneficial predators, the beauty of the big happy blooms, and the tasty seeds you’ll get at harvest time. It can also help to repel some of the worst Z. mays pests because, as with other Umbellifers, its flowers attract parasitic wasps and other beneficial insects. Additional Corn Plant Companions. In my endeavor to grow the sweetest kernels, in addition to careful planting and maintenance, I have found several ideal companions for maize. The beans set nitrogen into the soil to be used by successive crops, the corn provided a natural trellis for the beans to clamber up and the large squash leaves shaded the soil to cool it and retain moisture. Tastier to aphids than corn, they’ll swarm the nasturtiums and (hopefully) leave your stalks, silks, and kernels alone. And it’s one of my favorite … This sweet-smelling legume (Trifolium repens) acts as the perfect living mulch, or cover crop, for corn, according to researchers at the American Society of Agronomy. Think about what each plant needs to grow into a … But maize benefits other plants, too: it acts as an ideal trellis for beans, or cucumber vines, and it can provide shade for low-growing crops. Corn Companion Plants, in this article we will learn which plants are the best Corn companion plants to improve the growth and flavor of Corn. The name that’s used changes depending on what they’re infesting. Feel free to harvest some dill for delicious recipes, like this grilled salmon with dill sauce from our sister site, Foodal. With corn specifically, companion planting allows you to save space in your garden by growing pumpkins among the stalks. She’s especially proud of the flowerbeds she and her three-year-old son built with rocks dug up from their little Alaska homestead. Growing the plants in proximity that are susceptible to the same pests can invite disaster and a decimated garden. Learn how to plant and grow dill in your garden with this guide. It can improve flavor of the corn and it will attract beneficial insects such as lady bugs and parasitic wasps. GARDENER'S PATH® IS A REGISTERED TRADEMARK OF ASK THE EXPERTS LLC. Tomatoes: Good companion crops include lettuce, radishes, and spinach, which will grow at a much faster rate than tomatoes. Sign up to get all the latest gardening tips! A perfect example of companion planting is the “three sisters garden”, which is a combination of corn, pole beans, and squash that has been grown together by Native Americans for centuries (possibly longer). Plant corn seeds directly in the pea patch to glean their nitrogen and save space. Tall plants such as corn provide shade for crops like lettuce that does not do well in hot summer sun, and they can serve as support for crops that need trellising. Other types of sunflowers – most of which are suited to growing in Zones 2-11 – will also attract these lovely beetles. Coreopsis - This plant attracts pollinators, but also hoverflies, soldier bugs, and tachinid flies. Be sure to plant your sacrificial crop several feet away from your corn. The relationship here is most beneficial to potatoes. Now, the “Big Question”: does it work? And, we’ve got growing guides for all your favorite cucurbits here. Find seeds to grow your own ‘Small Sugar’ pumpkins, ‘Waltham Butternut’ squash, or ‘Straight Eight’ cucumbers at Burpee. It’s best to keep your tall maize plants far away from any brassica – such as cabbage, broccoli, or kale – because brassicas need their sunshine and corn won’t hesitate to steal most of it away. Have you ever intentionally planted companions with your maize? Check out our guide to learn more about growing pole beans in your backyard (coming soon!). Companion planting is based on the idea that certain plants are mutually beneficial when planted in near proximity. When I was a kid, my mom turned our front yard, in Reno, Nevada, into a garden. For extra protection, harvest one or two leaves from each plant, rip them up to release the essential oils, and scatter them at the base of each cornstalk. Sometimes, this comes down to simple physical reasons – taller plants provide shelter from sun and wind for plants that need protection. Good neighbor flowers – A delightful colorful addition to any homestead garden, nasturtiums deter … Some seem to think that corn and tomatoes are a good combination, and others disagree. This beautiful, bountiful flower (Helianthus annuus) is the perfect Fourth Sister to grow with corn, beans, and pumpkins. Note: Not every plant works when companion gardening. So often, it seems we can’t plant things near potatoes (Solanum tuberosum). This is my personal favorite companion plant for my pumpkins. That’s where the basil comes in. Most of the plants on this list are annuals that you can grow just about anywhere – just like maize, which grows best in Zones 2-9. Your potatoes will get a huge advantage in both increased yield and lessened susceptibility to one of the worst potato diseases around. Summer squash has a short shelf life and hardly any nutrition or calories while winter squash, with its thick outer rind, can be stored for months. A 2010 study published in the American Journal of Potato Research found that using corn as green manure for potato crops reduced the risk of verticillium wilt, caused by the fungi Verticillium dahliae and V. albo-atrum, by 60-70%. It also helps repel aphids, … Companion planting is the pairing of certain plants in the garden together for some mutual benefit. I plant marigolds and nasturtium extensively for insect control. Dill, Anethum graveolens, doesn’t just make pickles taste good. Interplanting different crops can help marking the rows, especially when combining fast germinators such as radishes, with slower ones such as lettuce. Common name The Native American Three Sisters planting method, which involves corn, beans and squash, is one of the best examples of how companion planting works. Dill. Why? Plant your favorite cucurbit next to your corn and let the vines spread. Find ‘Princess Laratte’ potato seedling tubers available at Burpee. Even better, the researchers found that if the corn acts as a shade for the clover, clover leaves will fall off, drop to the soil, and decompose, adding nutrients even while the corn is still growing. The wasps will eat the aphids, providing extra protection and keeping them from ever reaching your stalks and ears. Check out our guide to learn more about different basil varieties to grow at home. The study also found that using corn as green manure can help to increase potato yields. Uncredited photos: Shutterstock. Now that you know all the ways that corn and its companions can help each other thrive, you’re one step closer to enjoying a garden with few issues and plenty of fruit. Almost any article on companion planting references the Native American “Three Sister Planting”. As a freelance writer, she contributes to several websites and blogs across the web. Planting certain vegetables … Peppers. I tried borage … COPYRIGHT © 2020 ASK THE EXPERTS LLC. Much of companion planting is common sense: Lettuce, radishes, and other quick-growing plants sown between hills of melons or winter squash will mature and be harvested long before these vines need more leg room. I remember walking through rows of tall corn stalks that felt like an enchanted forest. And even if you don’t want to sacrifice any of your corn as green manure, you can maximize your garden space by growing potatoes among the shallow-rooted stalks. And whatever nasturtiums don’t get eaten by aphids can be eaten by you. I grow basil in my garden every year, and then I bring at least one plant inside to keep in my warm house during the long Alaska winter. As corn stalks gain height, they provide support for vining bean plants, … I tried growing corn last year, but I started too late in the season. Once young ears develop on the maize, sacrifice about half the plants by cutting them into small pieces and working those pieces – ears, leaves, stalks, and all – into the soil around the potatoes. Works as a trap plant for thrips keeping them off of bell peppers. Plant them alongside your Three Sisters as they help to deter cucumber beetles and squash borers from making a meal of your pumpkins. Companion planting, of course. I’ll also cover those plants that you shouldn’t grow with your corn crop. ‘Princess Laratte’ Potato Seedling Tubers. Dried beans, unlike green, store for long periods of time and are packed with protein. The flowers attract bees to your garden, and the flowers and leaves alike can even make a tasty addition to a summer salad. Summer Squash and Lettuce or Arugula – You can plant lettuce, arugula, or both along the outer edges of your summer squash garden bed to help use up space more efficiently. A Three Sisters Garden - Beans, Corn & Squash, Summer Squash Types – Different Summer Squashes You Can Grow, Terrarium Care Guide: Are Terrariums Easy To Care For, Plant Pot Gifts: Tips And Ideas For Grow Kit Gifts, Tomato Cage Christmas Tree DIY: How To Make A Tomato Cage Christmas Tree, Sweet Olive Propagation: How To Root A Sweet Olive Tree, Highbush Cranberry Plants: Caring For American Cranberry Shrubs, Deadheading Lilies: How To Deadhead A Lily Plant, Companion Plants For Geraniums – Plants That Grow Next To Geraniums, Growing Plants Indoors: Forcing Amaryllis Blooms In Winter, Phalaenopsis Orchid: A Surprising Addition To Holiday Décor, Gifting Holiday Plants: Secret To Keeping Live Poinsettia Plants Healthy, Handmade Ornaments – Holiday Ornaments Crafted From Nature. Dill is usually best planted in the early spring, as it will bolt in warm weather, but in this case you want it to flower. And don’t forget to check out more of our companion planting guides next: © Ask the Experts, LLC. Researchers at the Ministry of Agriculture in Kenya found in a 2013 study that crushed, dried basil leaves scattered around corn deter the maize weevil from infesting the kernels. Corn Companion Planting Tips. Was grown as a companion for corn (maize) before modern Europeans arrived in the Americas, supposedly increases their production, ants herd aphids onto sunflowers, keeping them off neighboring plants. Here’s how to grow maize to act as a green manure for potatoes: plant it in alternate rows, spaced about six inches apart from the tubers. Squash and other types of cucurbits are another component of the historic Three Sisters, along with corn and beans. With a kid who loves it on the cob and a spouse who adores his nightly popcorn, it’s kind of a must-have in my veggie garden. Other companion plants for corn include: Cucumbers; Lettuce; Melons; Peas; Potatoes; Sunflowers Find sweet basil seeds in a variety of packet sizes available at Eden Brothers. Peas are planted as early as possible in spring, while corn is not planted until the soil is warm. Plants that keep corn pests away from the garden are clearly good companion plants for corn, but so are plants that attract beneficial insects. This is just a sampling of plants to grow with corn. Companion plants for tomatoes can improve the growth of tomatoes and repel insects and diseases. Tomatoes, for instance, are a no-no for planting next to corn. Or this easy recipe for homemade lacto-fermented garlic dill pickles, also from Foodal. Lavender. Large-scale agricultural use of companion planting … Companion planting is the practice of planting two or more plants together for mutual benefit. Even better, if you plant nasturtiums, maize, and dill all together, the nasturtiums will attract aphids, while the dill will attract parasitic wasps. If you’re going to grow corn, squash or beans in the garden anyway, you might as well grow all three. Basil is a great herb to plant next to tomatoes to help improve their flavor. See our TOS for more details. Your maize will thank you (and so will those pole beans). Crop shielding via companion planting can protect plants from too much sun or wind, as well. Experience has taught us that planting some vegetables together leads to enhanced quality and growth. Check out our full radish growing guide to learn how to sow and grow, getting those radishes to work! Don’t plant near potatoes or they will compete for nutrients. Squash, corn, and pole beans make up the Three Sisters planting trio implemented for thousands of years by Native American peoples. In a 2012 study published in the Journal of the Kentucky Academy of Science, researchers found that planting dwarf sunflowers near sweet corn attracted a plethora of beneficial, pest-killing ladybugs. Find ‘Rattlesnake’ pole bean seeds in a variety of packet sizes available at Eden Brothers. These nine plants are not only perfect companions for corn, but some of them are also tasty! This is my third attempt companion planting corn and tomatoes. Companion planting is the careful placement of plants (especially vegetables and herbs) which have been shown to have beneficial effects on one another. We occasionally link to goods offered by vendors to help the reader find relevant products. Corn was planted first and when the stalks were tall enough, the beans were sowed. Find seeds for lovely yellow-flowered dill at Burpee, or plant this dwarf fernleaf variety from True Leaf Market  – which only grows up to 18 inches tall. Vegetable Companion Planting Chart There are a number of combination that vegetables will grow better and work together in the garden. As the corn stalks grow, beans naturally find support by climbing up the stalk. Pole beans grow well in Zones 3-10, and you can plant them a couple inches from your maize once the shoots reach a height of six inches. Laura also writes novels and holds an MFA in writing from Vermont College of Fine Arts. As the beans grew, squash was planted. Verticillium wilt causes potatoes to die before they reach maturity, so this is a significant mode of protection. Product photos via Burpee, Eden Brothers, and True Leaf Market. It is hard to find fresh basil (Ocimum basilicum) in the winter up here. Luckily many of the companions are delicious, too. ... Corn: The corn earworm is the same as the tomato fruitworm (larva Helicoverpa zea). Yes, they’re the same pest. Here’s what pole beans (Phaseolus vulgaris), specifically, can do for maize. Well, for starters, companion planting is a northern hemisphere concept that works a treat up there, but not as well down here in Australia. Keep reading to find out about companion planting with corn and suitable corn plant companions. This isn’t a tried-and-true method, but it’s one I’ll be implementing in my garden this year. Tall species can provide support for climbers, or shade for low-growing crops. Helpful companion plants include: Bush Beans: Repels beetles and helps provide nitrogen-fixing bacteria, which can fertilize and increase the yield of strawberries. Here’s why: one of corn’s chief pests is the maize weevil (Sitophilus zeamais), which can eat your sweet kernels in the garden and in storage. Learn how to grow sunflowers in your garden with this guide. The beans set nitrogen into the soil to be used by successive crops, the corn provided a natural trellis for the beans to clamber up and the large squash leaves shaded the soil to cool it and retain moisture. Their god also bequeathed to the people corn and squash, which then became logical companion plants for bean. Actually, the relationship is mutually beneficial: pole beans climb the stalks, using them like a trellis, while also helping to stabilize the maize and keep it from falling over when the ears mature – an issue known as “stalk lodging.”. In this grouping, you plant the corn first. Do your homework prior to planting corn in the garden to see which ones work well together and are also suited to your growing region. By planting pungent basil on the perimeter of your corn patch, it’ll keep maize weevils away with its smell. Yet it only grows to about four to six inches tall, so it won’t outgrow your corn stalks. But it’s worth growing both indoors and out – including out in the garden next to your corn. Leafy greens like spinach and Swiss chard grow in the shadow of corn. Squash: Plant near beans, onions, radishes, or corn. Laura Melchor grew up helping her mom in the garden in Montana, and as an adult she’s brought her cold-weather gardening skills with her to her home in Alaska. Beneficial insects such as pollinators like bees, and butterflies as well as predictor insects like ladybugs and praying mantis help to pollinate your garden for a bigger harvest and help rid of harmful insects. Send us your tips, tricks, or questions below! When allowed to bolt, these root vegetables can help keep corn borers away from your crop. White clover’s usefulness doesn’t stop there. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED. Winter Squash and Corn – These two crops do well together because corn grows vertically and winter squash sprawls out. One of the most popular methods of corn companion planting is called the Three Sisters. Carrots. Here are a few to consider, recommended by Masterclass . Avoid planting next to celery or tomatoes. With bright, cheerful blooms, Tropaeolum majus is the perfect trap crop to keep aphids away from your Z. mays. This weed-turned-wonder thrives in Zones 3-10, and you can find ‘White Dutch’ seeds available at True Leaf Market. Planting Corn in your Garden. Sign up for our newsletter. It might seem counterproductive to invite pests into your garden, but by luring in beneficial insects you are actually practicing one of the oldest and best forms of organic pest control. Companion planting can be a bit tricky. Corn – Companion to beans, beets, cucumber, dill, melons, parsley, peas, potato, soya beans, squash, and sunflower. Although accompanying plantings sound like the latest biological-scientific technology, they have been around for thousands of years to help farmers and gardeners grow healthier and more prosperous plants. The vining cucurbits act as a living mulch for the corn and beans, keeping weeds at bay and locking moisture into the soil. Corn Companion Planting Chart companionplant 2020-05-06T16:40:32+00:00. Companion planting of not just corn, but everything you are growing in your garden, can help create higher yields by deterring pests and predators, and staving off disease. Alternatively, at the end of the growing season, after harvesting your corn, cut the stems and leaves into small pieces and work it into the ground. This got me thinking: how can I help my Zea mays grow tall, strong, and healthy? Corn is an incredibly popular vegetable, and seems to be a staple of backyard barbeques as summer roles around. Here is more about what we do. Planting near swan plants help sunflowers grow rapidly. Some plants, like basil, drive away pests that could plague your maize. Since I generally get a smaller harvest of tomatoes when I grow them outside, I haven't really experienced that this combination might not be optimal. Alyssum. You should also plant your tomatoes on the other side of the garden, as they attract similar pests to corn – and in at least one case, the same pest: the tomato fruitworm or corn earworm (Helicoverpa (Heliothis) zea). Find more gardening information on Gardening Know How: Keep up to date with all that's happening in and around the garden. Squash Companion Plants. If you want more flavorful tomatoes, plant basil nearby. Remember that radishes are a very quick crop to grow, often maturing in under 30 days, so use succession planting methods to keep a steady companion crop going for your corn. The thick spread of clover suppresses harmful weeds, requiring less weeding work from you. These small wasps that are harmless to humans parasitize and kill many garden pests, including several that plague corn: aphids, corn ear worms, and cutworms. As an annual, basil thrives in Zones 2-10. The answer? The combination of these three created a subsistence diet that would have been augmented with fish and game. Wait to plant your dill until the corn is about four inches tall, so it doesn’t block sunlight. You can even choose companion plants based on color and odor to keep the overpopulation of pesky pests out of your garde… Companion planting is pretty genius, don’t you think? 19 of the Best Summer Flowering Clematis for Your Garden, How to Choose the Right Furniture for Your Small Outdoor Space, 11 of the Best Porch Swings for Your Outdoor Space, Identify, Prevent, and Treat Common Cabbage Diseases, How to Overwinter Bird of Paradise Plants, Add Some Spice to Your Life: Grow Your Own Horseradish, How to Grow Celery, a Marshland Plant Turned Tasty Veggie, 5 Reasons Your Pumpkin Vine Isn’t Blooming. The Three Sisters are made up of corn, winter squash and mature dry beans, not summer squash or green beans. There are several plants that are beneficial to the growth of strawberry plants and the production of an abundant berry crop. Basil is a good friend to peppers, helping repel aphids, spider mites, mosquitoes, and flies. Dill, Anethum graveolens, doesn’t just make pickles taste good. Side note: Melons do well with corn and were put with squash since they are in the same family. Some of these links may be affiliate in nature, meaning we earn small commissions if items are purchased. Companion Planting Goes Way Back. Certain plants may repel pests, others attract pollinators. Since corn takes a lot of nitrogen from the soil, this is a perfect crop to sow alongside it. Find ‘Sunspot’ dwarf sunflower seeds at True Leaf Market, and the large ‘Mammoth’ variety available at Burpee. Alyssum is a ground-cover flower that attracts beneficial insects and serves as a natural … Once the seedlings are about four inches tall, you can plant pole beans. 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