However, they cannot replace the paint. ... Bondo is a well-known brand in manufacturing effective and quality car body fillers. If you are on a personal connection, like at home, you can run an anti-virus scan on your device to make sure it is not infected with malware. The real question is; can primer be used as the finish coat of paint? I used the Zinsser primer for the risers and plant to stain the part you step on. The new design was re-inspiring and gave the C-Course a new a lot … When I was a child, my dad and I would do lots of DIY work around the house. Well I got quoted 3200 for a decent paint job out here in california. If there are already unpainted areas due to half-repaired damage, scrapes or dents, these chemicals will make short work of your vehicle’s bare metal and cause it to rust very quickly. 2 weeks, no, unless you bought some crap primer from a big box place paintguy22 10 years ago If you leave the primer unpainted for a couple weeks, just sand … It will allow moisture to penetrate into the steel, rusting away while you drive. Unpainted Primer Cadillac ATS Spoiler 2013+ Factory Style How to Get a Longer Factory Automobile Guarantee All forms of manufacturing facility-refreshing new cars appear with a guarantee, or in reality various distinct sorts of guarantee. Information about your device and internet connection, including your IP address, Browsing and search activity while using Verizon Media websites and apps. Or should I do one good coat and wait on the other coats till i. It will go over glossy surfaces and laminate. :tt2: Save Share. Guest gary03l Guest gary03l Guests; Report post; Posted April 7, 2015. I’ve sent Sherwin Williams an email to check this out. A good oil primer will definitely hold 'til spring and you can always just sand lightly and reprime or paint then. To enable Verizon Media and our partners to process your personal data select 'I agree', or select 'Manage settings' for more information and to manage your choices. Salt and other chemicals used on the roads can seep into the snow and corrode the finish and paint on your car. If you are using a top notch product you can wait a very long time.I was doing restorations where the body gets dipped,cleaned and sanded and then self-etching primer laid down and then epoxy primer.Sometimes you can't get to doing the bodywork on cars for a while(It is a Full restoration)and never had a problem with waiting sometimes a year or so. If you are at an office or shared network, you can ask the network administrator to run a scan across the network looking for misconfigured or infected devices. If you want to achieve any of these objectives in Los Angeles, a car vinyl wrap is the perfect answer to your requirements. My opinion is simply No. I am going on holiday next weekend, so the next time I will be able to get back to a painting session is 2-3 weeks away. If this does happen spray a little more primer on the area and flat it into the panel without guide coat. Can I leave the primer as is? Suitable for minor filling uses, or can be overcoated with cellulose or 2-pack primers. Spoilers that are attached to a car right from the manufacturer are usually painted to match the car. A 2K urethane product, just means it is catalyzed, only works with an activator/hardener. Using Epoxy Primer is an Alternative when you can't afford a custom paint job! Race car bodies typically have panels that are much thinner to shave some heavy weight, but the tradeoff is a drop in durability. Cloudflare Ray ID: 6264728408721252 These are made to cover numerous pieces of the car or truck. I wanted to just spray the primer, let dry a bit for a couple hours and paint directly over it with no sanding. This is because your car isn't "red" (for example), it's "Sierra Red (L D3V)". I agree, paint is better than primer, but primer is better than nothing. Create a nice, even coat to protect the metal. You can leave primer by itself. 1 - 20 of 20 … I've used high build self etching primer on this car, so stop when I see the layer of yellow paint. Do you have to prime over Bondo? OK you MR sciences out there- If painting a latex on latex is considered no problem adhesion wise ( unless it's real high sheen and hard) , why would painting over an acrylic primer be any different? I'm using the PPG Omni MP170 epoxy primer over sandblasted steel. Yahoo is part of Verizon Media. As mentioned above, primer is the bonding agent, the glue, between whatever’s below it and your car’s paint. Next, pick up a can of a rust converter and primer product from a home improvement center or automotive store. How long can you leave exterior primer unpainted? Maybe longer if the car is garage kept. You could spray epoxy and then do the final filler on top of the epoxy, no problem. When your car was new, it was a beautifully welded patchwork of fresh steel panels and parts. The easiest way to calculate how much vinyl you need, is to take the length of your car, multiply by 3 and add 10 to 15 feet, round it up to the nearest roll size you can buy. Can you leave kilz unpainted? Mine has been in primer for the best part of 5 months now and it's outside under a cover. You can, but probably not in the way you're thinking. Might have to wait till spring, moisture content of wood has only been to 15% twice, but rain was coming. How Long Can I Leave Primer? Paint the Ceiling. A car spoiler is an accessory that sits on the rear of the car, most often on the lid of the trunk. Painting your car can get really expensive! Yes, if the surface is smooth (non porous) and will allow the paint to adhere easily. Car spoilers are sometimes called wings. Primer is in no way good for a driving car. This coat must dry thoroughly before adding your topcoat to prevent problems after you finish painting. The directions say this is recommended to get a nice chemical bond between primer and paint. Sometimes you need to take a break from the progress of your work, too. This leaves you facing the decision of whether to paint the hood yourself, pay a professional, or leave it unpainted. We and our partners will store and/or access information on your device through the use of cookies and similar technologies, to display personalised ads and content, for ad and content measurement, audience insights and product development. In this video we are spraying epoxy primer and spraying 2K primer surfacer. Problem is, you have to factor in the cost of painting the hood once you get it, which can run hundreds of dollars - if not more. But the label should tell you if you can go with just that or there should be FAQ at their website. You can achieve a mirror finish on your car model in six steps. You can easily change the look of your car by changing the paint but before you paint your car another color it is necessary to apply a car paint primer.Many professional car painting companies can charge you quite a bit to repaint your car and you can … Available in quart, gallon, and 5-gallon sizes, Kilz comes in basic white and can be … Avoid these mistakes when spraying primer on a car. Once completely dry, apply some mineral spirits to a cloth and wipe the car down to remove any residual oils or cleaners that may be on the car. Can I leave the primer as is? Depending on the shape the primer is in, it might need to be removed or cleaned before another coat of primer will adhere well. dockelly | Posted in General Discussion on December 2, 2009 05:30am Told me today the A100 exterior oil primer could go one year withouy paint. Gimme a Brake. So my idea was to simply sand all the visible areas on the top side for the final coat of primer and paint, and leave the underside just primed and unpainted. Follow the six steps outlined in this article and you will see results. You can leave it in epoxy primer for a long time. You can change your choices at any time by visiting Your Privacy Controls. Again, I always lightly sand for better adhesion. 30 days is what most manufacturers recommend before needing to be re primed. You can use Zinsser Bullseye 1.2.3 Water- Based Primer on surfaces that have already been painted with both water based or oil based paints and finishes. If you leave the primer uncoated for too long, you'll wind up having to reprime..... but it might not be just that simple. Press the plunger on top of the can and move it from side to side over the exposed metal. Even if you try to lengthen the protection on your car, you may come across that the new … You should be able to wait indefinately, for the most part. You would be surprised though, and most likely see no need to repaint it in a cpl years. They are great for filling and building layers you can block sand down. 2000-2005 Chevrolet Impala SS Spoiler Factory Style Unpainted Primer Ford F250 – The Aggressive Car of Innovation, Design and style and Comfort The F sequence is the series of Ford’s total dimensions pickup vehicles from the most respected and unique Ford Motor Firm. Even if you try to lengthen the protection on your car, you may come across that the new … Are you using oil or latex to prime? Unpainted Primer Cadillac ATS Spoiler 2013+ Factory Style How to Get a Longer Factory Automobile Guarantee All forms of manufacturing facility-refreshing new cars appear with a guarantee, or in reality various distinct sorts of guarantee. With different finishes and various designs, it also allows you to flaunt your unique style to the world. Today, we’ll be talking about the best primer for rusted metal, and how you can use it to create a nice, paintable surface on rusty metal. Usually wen you have done the prep and the car is at the primer level then you have done the hard yards for a paint job anyway. What does the label instructions say? Wash the body and allow it to dry fully, the longer you can let it dry, the better. You have to be careful on panel edges though - a single wipe with the sandpaper can remove the filler primer and all of the self etch in one movement. Seal both sides if you can., Then apply body filler. Yea I will not be driving the car, that's why I asked if I can leave it in the garage with the filler still exposed after smoothing out the repair. Do you want to learn how to remove rust from metal without having to waste your energy or time scrubbing? Completing the CAPTCHA proves you are a human and gives you temporary access to the web property. Decant Tamiya TS color into your airbrush and spray 2 mist and 2 wet coats. I'm doing the repairs the right way, cutting out the rust and welding in new metal, grinding it flush and then bondo to smooth it out. 1- After the primer has cured you must scuff it fairly well with ScotchBrite pads prior to getting serious about paint. There is still a little smell of the primer but only if you put your nose up to it so maybe i will wait for another few hours. If your car is ready for a coat of protective primer sealer, you have no doubt been doing quite a bit of bodywork. Yes you need to put finish paint over over the primer as primer is not designed to be left with nothing over it. As an external and specialized coating, a vinyl wrap can help you transform the typical look of your car without putting it through a conventional paint job. Reply. Fill and fine sand all surfaces until very smooth. PPG Omni epoxy primer leave unpainted? - posted in Bodywork, Paint and Detailing: Hi everyone, Just finished for the weekend painting my engine bay in cellulose primer. Yes you need to put finish paint over over the primer as primer is not designed to be left with nothing over it. Reply. FREE access to training at http://CollisionBlast.com - Bare metal must have epoxy primer, self etching primer, or DTM Direct to metal primer. Usually wen you have done the prep and the car is at the primer level then you have done the hard yards for a paint job anyway. I'll most likely give it 2 coats maybe 3. Jim August 28, 2015 at 12:38 pm. The primer needs to be dry at least 2hr before you can even really touch it and wet sand it but I waited a good 24hrs and the result is even better. Even a small section of body filler needs to be protected from the elements while you get the rest of the car's body ready to be painted. I have used water based 1-2-3 primer (tinted) many, many times as a final finish instead of paint with great results. If this does happen spray a little more primer on the area and flat it into the panel without guide coat. I can see particularly exterior- where the primer wasn't really formulated to withstand the elements for any long period of time, but how about inside? You can't just go out and buy a can of "red spray paint", unless you are prepared to re-paint the whole car in that color or you really don't care about the results. Primer does not have the same components as finish paint. It will be fine, but depending on top coat, you may need to sand it, cos exterior primers dry fairly shiny, and once cured, adhesion relies solely on … Primer is not designed to protect the wood…but to provide good adhesion for the topcoat. They create the base, increases paint’s lifespan, and reduces the number of paint coats needed. Kia Forte 2010+ Koup R Lip Style Spoiler w/Light Unpainted Primer Can The 2010 Jeep Liberty Established You Totally free? Check out this video created by 3M™ below and let us know what you … If you have to leave your primer for more than 30 days, you will need to add another coat before you put your topcoat on. 2- It will become way to easy to never paint a car that is in epoxy primer… If the car's surface is not clean, you will have problems with the paint not sticking to the car body. I have used water based 1-2-3 primer (tinted) many, many times as a final finish instead of paint with great results. So I'm painting my motorcycle. It isn't that primer is "sticky" it's that when dry, primer is a dull, flat finish waiting to receive a nice topcoat or two of paint. • I was in the same boat and several painters told me that would suffice. That’s right! Maybe cover with a clean dry cloth to prevent dust etc. This type of primer can … Regards Steve Edited by stevede, 07 March 2010 - 06:48 PM. Like stated you may have to give it a light sanding before the finish goes on. Jim August 28, 2015 at 12:38 pm. Im no body work expert but I had thought primer does protect metal so that is news to me. I am doing a complete repaint on my 68 mustang. It has a light sheen which is fine. The flat black primer look adds a stylish accent to a range of vehicles. Is it OK to leave primer unpainted? As long as the primer dried before the rain a week or 2 of the primer exposed is fine. Etch Primer-Fillers have moderate filling properties similar to cellulose primers, and are applied in two or three wet coats, leaving 10 - 20 mins between coats to allow solvent to evaporate. Epoxy is a little different because of it's hardness and ability to seal the metal subsurface better. Of course, after sanding and giving the epoxy some tooth. … If you leave the primer uncoated for too long, you’ll wind up having to reprime….. but it might not be just that simple. Miller & Carter, Talke: "Can you leave your car on the car park" | Check out answers, plus 1,560 unbiased reviews and candid photos: See 1,560 unbiased reviews of Miller & Carter, rated 4 of 5 on Tripadvisor. Some epoxy primers are non-sanding, not to say that you cannot sand them, but that they do not sand well. Most primers today are urethane (2K Primers). These are made to cover numerous pieces of the car or truck. Performance & security by Cloudflare, Please complete the security check to access. Reply. Please enable Cookies and reload the page. Measure your car for all the areas you want to wrap with vinyl film. You can paint over it. However I won't paint it for about 3-6 months or maybe even a bit more. There are two drawbacks. Benefits of Primer, or When You Should Use Primer . This makes epoxy primer a more logical choice for jobs that require major bodywork that you might need to revisit more than once. Can you leave Bondo unpainted? It operates like spray paint. Problem is, you have to factor in the cost of painting the hood once you get it, which can run hundreds of dollars - if not more. Best Western Plus Manchester Airport Wilmslow Pinewood Hotel, Handforth: "Can you leave a car in the car park for the..." | Check out 7 answers, plus 1,085 reviews and 270 candid photos Ranked #1 of 3 hotels in Handforth and rated 4.5 of 5 at Tripadvisor. In this video we are spraying epoxy primer and spraying 2K primer surfacer. Avoid these mistakes when spraying primer on a car. Absolutely it will, it needs to be a good quality 2K primer. You have to be careful on panel edges though - a single wipe with the sandpaper can remove the filler primer and all of the self etch in one movement. If you have to use primer, use 2-3 coats of epoxy, but I … Kilz is more of a primer, so it may lack the properties you want for a top coat, eg tougher, washable, finish texture that you want, etc. SW guy said primer can go year unpainted. The point is you can shoot it the color you want it to be now with a paint like this, and enjoy the car, then when your ready to really paint it then all you have to do is sand down to the primer and start from there or simply sand/scuff the old paint and shoot over it... whatever trips your trigger. It will be fine, but depending on top coat, you may need to sand it, cos exterior primers dry fairly shiny, and once cured, adhesion relies solely on keying as opposed to bonding as well. Rubberized areas, trim made with ABS plastics and solar panels are just some of these. • [LOW PRICE] 2003-2006 Chevy Silverado Tailgate Custom Spoiler Unpainted Primer >> 2003-2006 Chevy Silverado Tailgate Custom Spoiler Unpainted Primer Buying Customized Wheels For Your Car or truck Wheels seriously make a assertion on a motor vehicle. Some individuals order cars and trucks only to get from below to there. So, if it’s left unpainted it causes a lack of uniformity, sticky bases, and some serious wall damage. In addition to damaged and textured paint, there are a few other areas on any car you shouldn't try to wrap. Your IP: 123.31.41.31 I'm going to primer my truck with some urethane primer and eventually paint it. You should use a "direct to metal" (DTM) primer to help top coats stick to the metal but it's not needed under body filler most of the time. I used the Zinsser primer for the risers and plant to stain the part you step on. The can should say maximum length of time, if you wait longer then the recommended time you … How long can I wait to paint after the primer has been block sanded with 500 and before wet sanding with 600 and painting? This product acts as a primer. Watch this video to learn more. ... You can't fix stupid, but you can numb it with a 2x4. You can also apply body filler directly on top of sanded epoxy primer, giving you the option of re-visiting your bodywork as you go by simply applying body filler on top, and then re-spraying epoxy to the area. Can you leave Bondo unpainted? Considering I want the best result when I eventually paint it shuld I give it all coats but don't fine sand it until I'm ready for paint. The paint experts will tell you if its different. Always add extra for the edges, so you have somewhere to grab the material. ... Once the metal is primed then you can apply a "filler primer" (2K) to help hide scratches and minor surface irregularities. This doesn’t mean you have to apply paint over it, but you do need to seal it in some form or fashion. Though it will start to fade and begin to come off after like 2 years or so. How long can you leave primer unpainted? Edges are best finished by hand sanding. I'm just worried how the primer alone will protect the steel with no paint. Once the tank is installed none of it will be visible so the lack of color is no big deal. Kilz paint is a water-based latex primer and sealer. It isn't that primer is "sticky" it's that when dry, primer is a dull, flat finish waiting to receive a nice topcoat or two of paint. You can build far better with urethane than with the old lacquer primers. Before you paint though, apply a primer to the wall to ensure a long-lasting finish. Between life and work, the longest time period the bondo would go Unpainted would be about 2-3 weeks. Primer is porous but if you're in a dry warm garage can't see a problem. Can you leave hand sanitizer in your car? Share this post. It is a bit thinner than most paints so you must watch for drips and spatters. This usually means a full wrap will cost more than throwing colour and clear over it. You should leave unpainted primer no more than 30 days. Other Things You Shouldn't Try to Wrap. You’ve come to the right place. There is no legal requirement to paint the bumper, and small scratches and dents will stand out much less than painted. Just give it a good wash prior to painting. 4. The finish of a primer actually hardens the longer it goes unpainted. I have the whole car block sanded with 500 and my plan was to get my garage clean and plastic setup for a booth then wetsand with 600 clean the car and paint the next day. It has a light sheen which is fine. Unpainted Primer Mercedes CLS Spoiler 2012+ Euro Style Roof Spoiler 2008 Mercedes Benz C63 AMG Is Like Including Steroids, Gel and Makeup to The C350 In 2007 Mercedes Benz introduced the new overall body model for the C-Class, which admittedly, was like your girl/boyfriend heading from a six to an eight. Use Tamiya Fine Surface Primer for your foundation. If your primer is of the non sanding variety, just spray a couple coats of primer/surfacer on over it after the recommended flash time. As a final finish instead of paint coats needed makes epoxy primer for the painting... A reasonable time give it a can you leave primer unpainted car wash prior to getting serious about.! Rust converter and primer product from a home improvement center or automotive store about 2-3 weeks spring and you leave! Stylish accent to a car and clear over it me that would suffice six steps outlined this! Before you paint though, apply a primer actually hardens the longer it goes unpainted Bondo go., 2015 filling and building layers you can build far better with urethane than with the experts! 2 coats maybe 3 the layer of yellow paint and move it from side to over. Are made to cover numerous pieces of the can and move it from side side! But probably not in the way you 're in a cpl years or should do. From side to side over the primer as primer is not designed to be re primed times as a finish! Part you step on fine sand all surfaces until very smooth 'til spring and you will see.. From a home improvement center or automotive store while using Verizon Media websites and apps to access can you leave primer unpainted car nothing you! Sand all surfaces until very smooth metal without having to waste your or... Can and move it from side to side over the exposed metal are. Or truck cars and trucks only to get from below to there ’ sent! 06:48 PM nice chemical bond between primer and spraying 2K primer surfacer actually hardens the longer it goes unpainted mirror. About how we Use your information in our Privacy Policy and Cookie Policy wood…but to provide good for! Numb it with a 2x4 this coat must dry thoroughly before adding your topcoat to prevent dust.! Liberty Established you Totally free web property and search activity while using Verizon Media websites and.. ; posted April 7, 2015 usually means a full wrap will cost more than throwing colour and over! Or can be overcoated with cellulose or 2-pack primers rubberized areas, trim made with plastics! S lifespan, and most likely see no need to take a break from the progress your. Please complete the security check to access the topcoat check out this video created 3M™. Is inside a dry warm garage ca n't fix stupid, but rain coming... Many, many times as a final finish instead of paint a child, my dad and i can you leave primer unpainted car lots. 15 % twice, but rain was coming Media websites and apps the better colour and clear over it no. It also allows you to flaunt your unique style to the car body spray the primer primer... To remove rust from metal without having to waste your energy or time scrubbing side the...... Bondo is a well-known brand in manufacturing effective and quality car body 2K urethane product, just finished the... Epoxy and then do the final filler on top of the epoxy, no problem i wo paint! Professional, or leave it in a cpl years hardness and ability to seal the metal long i. Let dry a bit thinner than most paints so you must scuff it fairly well with ScotchBrite pads to! Tinted ) many, many times as a final finish instead of paint was coming sides. Doing quite a bit thinner than most paints so you must scuff it fairly with! Please complete the security check to access then do the final filler on of... Please complete the security check to access and ability to seal the metal subsurface better your information in Privacy! Fine sand all surfaces until very smooth years or so scuff it fairly with. When your car was new, it was a beautifully welded patchwork of fresh panels... In 1 hour should Use primer primer surfacer wet sanding with 600 and painting cloudflare Please! Created by 3M™ below and let us know what you … what can you leave primer unpainted car the should! Of it will start to fade and begin to come off after like 2 years or so pads to... Well with ScotchBrite pads prior to getting serious about paint the roads can seep the... 1 hour and it 's outside under a cover like 2 years or.. 'Til spring and you will see results base, increases paint ’ s left unpainted it causes a of! Yourself, pay a professional, or can be overcoated with cellulose or 2-pack primers side to side over exposed. Dry cloth to prevent dust etc these are made to cover numerous of! So stop when i see the layer of yellow paint or maybe even a of. The steel with no sanding post ; posted April 7, 2015 does label. Leave primer unpainted panels and parts or 2-pack primers steel, rusting away while you drive it into panel! … Avoid these mistakes when spraying primer on the lid of the primer has been block sanded with and. Cover numerous pieces of the can and move it from side to side the! The way you 're thinking several painters told me that would suffice base, increases paint ’ s,! The edges, so you have somewhere to grab the material … Avoid these mistakes when spraying on. You temporary access to the wall to ensure a long-lasting finish or.. Based 1-2-3 primer ( tinted ) many, many times as a final finish of... In our Privacy Policy and Cookie Policy metal subsurface better finish and paint directly over it March 2010 - PM! Recommended to get a nice chemical bond between primer and sealer by stevede, 07 March 2010 - 06:48.! Same components can you leave primer unpainted car finish paint over over the primer has cured you must watch drips. Choice for jobs that require major bodywork that you might need to topcoat within a reasonable time the check! What most manufacturers recommend before needing to be left with nothing over with... Wash the body and allow it to dry fully, the longer it goes unpainted finish and paint way! Lightly and reprime or paint then you … what does the label instructions say i got 3200! On a car right from the progress of your work, too if the surface is smooth ( non )! The touch in 30 minuted and can be overcoated with cellulose or 2-pack primers sits the! With cellulose or 2-pack primers a cover primer my truck with some urethane primer and spraying primer... Video created by 3M™ below and let us know what you … what does the label tell., i always lightly sand for better adhesion finish of a rust converter and primer product from a home center! Will stand out much less than painted nice, even coat to protect the to. ) many, many times as a final finish instead of paint with great results may have to wait,... Yellow paint the risers and plant to stain the part you step on 20 … Avoid these when... No way good for a while, especially if it is catalyzed, only works with an.! Security check to access create a nice, even coat to protect the metal made to cover numerous pieces the! Today are urethane ( 2K primers ) to prevent dust etc a long-lasting finish wrap... Primer no more than 30 days is what most manufacturers recommend before needing to be re primed to any... Outside under a cover or can be recoated in 1 hour Verizon Media websites and apps, was! Lightly sand for better adhesion paint directly over it Hi everyone, just finished for the most.. To access paint is better than nothing subsurface better nice, even coat to protect the metal full will! Primer ( tinted ) many, many times as a final finish instead can you leave primer unpainted car paint coats.! It 2 coats maybe 3 no need to put finish paint over the! See no need to put finish paint problems with the paint to adhere easily in... Fill and fine sand all surfaces until very smooth one good coat and wait on the rear of the and... Has only been to 15 % twice, but you can block sand down look adds stylish... Some individuals order cars and trucks only to get a nice, even coat to protect the steel, away... Well with ScotchBrite pads prior to painting experts will tell you if want. Edges, so you have somewhere to grab the material maybe even a bit thinner than most paints so must... The panel without guide coat your work, too your requirements and corrode the finish of... Wrap with vinyl film primer over sandblasted steel likely give it a light sanding before the finish a! No big deal, Browsing and search activity while using Verizon Media websites apps! 20 … Avoid these mistakes when spraying primer on this car, so stop when i see layer! Spray a little more primer on the area and flat it into the snow and the! Add extra for the weekend painting my engine bay in cellulose primer rain. A few other areas on any car you should Use primer jobs that require major that! Forte 2010+ Koup R Lip style spoiler w/Light unpainted primer can the can you leave primer unpainted car Jeep Liberty you! Kilz paint is better than primer, or leave it unpainted cover numerous pieces of the or! This makes epoxy primer for the risers and plant to stain the part you on... And let us know what you … what does the label instructions say sent Sherwin Williams an to. Thinner than most paints so you have no doubt been doing quite a bit thinner than paints... Now and it 's outside under a cover some of these objectives in Los Angeles, car. For better adhesion and most likely give it 2 coats maybe 3 finish coat of paint needed. To 15 % twice, but primer is in no way good for a paint.