Urban planning practitioners see insights from resilience thinking as providing a new language and metaphors for the dynamics of change and new tools and methods for analysis and synthesis. Erik Andersson. [15] Since this publication, there has been a growing interrelation between resilience and urban development. Indic. DOI: 10.1177/0956247816686905. The MIT Press, Cambridge (1961), Forrester, J.W. Urban resilience to climate change describes a city that is resilient on three levels: the systems of the city survives shocks and stresses; ... From practice to theory: emerging lessons from Asia for building urban climate change resilience. Peyroux, E.: Discourse of urban resilience and “inclusive development” in the Joannesburg Growth and Development Strategy 2040. Urban resilience and distributive justice Michael Nagenborg Department of Philosophy, Universiteit Twente, Enschede, The Netherlands ABSTRACT There is a growing awareness of the (potential) tensions be-tween urban resilience and justice. Urban resilience: the ability of an urban system-and all its constituent socio-ecological and socio-technical networks across temporal and spatial scales to maintain or rapidly return to desired functions in the face of a disturbance, to adapt to change and to quickly transform systems that limit current or future adaptive capacity. Approaches to achieving urban resilience have, therefore, been integrative (often encompassing several disciplines) strategic policies informed by strong governance with the purpose of navigating urban development. Sharifi, A., Yamagata, Y.: Urban resilience assessment: multiple dimensions, criteria, and indicators. : A review of system dynamics models applied in transportation. Environ. (eds.) D’Alpaos, C.: Methodological approaches to the valuation of investments in biogas production plants: Incentives vs. market prices in Italy. [7] Meerow, Sara. Neuwirth, C., Peck, A., Simonovic, S.P. : System Dynamics: Modelling and Simulation. Secur. The urban climate change literature draws heavily on ecological resilience theory originally developed by Holling. Res. Resilience in urban form and fabric 3. Our exploration highlights that, while SuDS are being implemented, they are largely characterized by a ‘bog standard’ design. ); mhayden@ucar.edu (M.H.) Part of the work illustrated in the present paper has been developed in the research project titled VALIUM (Valuation for Integrated Urban Management) that has been supported from the Department of Regional and Urban Studies and Planning - DIST of the Politecnico di Torino (I call 2017). Prevalent in both scientific and non-scientific fields, researchers have identified the inability of ‘sustainability’ to sufficiently address the rapid changes brought upon by urbanisation. S Since this publication, there has been a growing interrelation between resilience and urban development. urbanization; urban resilience theory 1. info@cityresilience.org, Barcelona advances progress on the Paris Agreement on Climate Change, New York, with 8.5 million people, heading for a sustainable future, Urban Resilience: Two Diverging Interpretations, CITIES GET READY FOR RESILIENCE AS MAKING CITIES RESILIENT 2030 IS LAUNCHED, The city of Barcelona and UN-Habitat building urban resilience, URCC 2020: Urban Resilience to cope with Climate Change, Useful Resources and Trainings on COVID-19, Breaking Cycles of Risk Accumulation in Africa Cities. Energy Build. 2015. The above definition has been developed through a series of rigorous studies examining and identifying the taxonomies of urban resilience across several disciplines, importantly, the definition remains diverse and adaptable. [29] Resilient City. Glob. : Disaster resilience indicators for benchmarking baseline conditions. Sharifi, A., Yamagata, Y.: Resilience-oriented urban planning. Existing definitions are inconsistent and underdeveloped with respect to incorporation of crucial concepts found in both resilience theory and urban theory. What is inherently difficult to define within resilience theory results in a flexible term which offers actors the freedom to create adaptive responses – this unifies the various complex fields of research and practice which adopt urban resilience as a normative framework. J. R. Estate Lit. Sustain. Cutter, S.L., Burton, C.G., Emrich, C.T. Introduction – Resilience in Cities. Resultant are adverse e ects, with some proving to be devastating to urban communities and indigenous ecosystems [3–10]. [19]. Resilience has become an important goal for cities, particularly in the face of climate change. It is intriguing that the same concept, (even by the same name - urban resilience), exists in relation to urban planning and architecture, referring to a city's ability to help its inhabitants and systems to withstand and recover from adversity. formulated many core concepts of resilience theory, and urban morphology the discipline that studies the urban form of cities help us show how. Urbanization and climate change are on a collision course. Theory. J. Communities must process this impact with flexibility, and Cities must reorient their thinking and come together to adjust to this new reality if they are to emerge stronger from this challenge. 2012. Transp. Urban areas house the majority of the world's population, and, in … [25] The International Bank for Reconstruction and Development. “Climate Disasters and Cities: The Role of Local Government in Increasing Urban Resilience.” Asia Pacific Journal of Environmental Law 18 (1): 91-118. Since then, literature on resilient cities, urban resilience, resilient urbanism, and resilient urban … 3. 3–27. Urban Sustainability and Resilience: From Theory to Practice Patricia Romero-Lankao 1,*, Daniel M. Gnatz 2, Olga Wilhelmi 1 and Mary Hayden 1 1 National Center for Atmospheric Research, P.O. [21][22], Figure 3. ISHT 2018. Cities Soc. DOI: 10.5751/ES-05231-170448 Corpus ID: 46896726. Egilmez, G., Tatari, O.: A dynamic modeling approach to highway sustainability: strategies to reduce overall impact. 65, pp. In this paper, we explore how planners in England are expected to respond to the resilience agenda against the realities in practice, zoning in on the delivery of sustainable (urban) drainage systems (SuDS). Urban resilience building in this sense should be understood as the outcome of a process that includes a more proactive anticipation, experimentation, learning, and adaptation to changing circumstances and novel events. Pol. Accessed April 20, 2018. Clean. For all inquiries, please contact us at: ISO 37120, this is the International Organisation for Standardisation document titled Sustainable Development of Communities – Indicators for City Services and Quality of Life. Bala, B.K., Arshad, F.M., Noh, K.M. Urban Resilience for Risk and Adaptation Governance, Buch (gebunden) bei hugendubel.de. Springer, Cham (2019). Plan. The application of resilience concepts to urban contexts has been roundly critiqued for its normative or even prescriptive orientation, for undertheorising its social dimensions, for omitting the social, political and cultural dynamics of communities (e.g. Ecol. City Sci. [10][11][12] The consequence of this malleability is in the subsequent difficulty to create generalisable indicators to operationalise urban resilience. 2012, Chelleri 2012). He developed applied research in Mexico, Bolivia, Europe, Affrica and Asia, publishing more than 50 papers around urban resilience theories and implementation challenges. Subsequently, resilience has emerged as a new paradigm which has been widely adopted in urban design/planning (urban studies), ecological sciences, psychology, engineering, sustainability studies, economic development, governance/public policy and social studies. n.d. “Resilient Cities.” The Organisation for Economic Co-Operation and Development. Syst. Environ. Vennix, J.A.M. In: Mondini, G., Oppio, A., Stanghellini, S., Bottero, M., Abastante, F. “Resilience as a Unifying Concept.” International Studies in the Philosophy of Science 28 (3): 303-324. Planning for resilience empowers diverse stakeholders to evaluate plans, set strategic policies, and implement projects that will enable communities to adapt and thrive when faced with challenges. Global Shift: Mapping the Changing Contours of the World Economy (6th Edition). As with people, the factors that make a city resilient are many and complex. Sustainability. n.d. “Terminology.” United Nations Office for Disaster Risk Reduction. As a result, the tools UN-Habitat mobilise, such as the City Resilience Profiling Tool (CRPT), acknowledge the totality of the urban system, addressing multi-stakeholder engagement and action. : Industrial Dynamics. To operationalize the theory for planning practice, a surrogate measure—the percent floodable area—is … UNISR: Sendai Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction 2015–2030 (2015). This book brings together a series of theory and practice essays on risk management and adaptation in urban contexts within a resilient and multidimensional perspective. “New Urban Agenda.” United Nations. • Urban resilience can be divided in five dimensions: natural, economic, social, physical and institutional. As we move towards a focus on the operationalisation of urban resilience in the current phase, this malleability serves urban resilience to function as a unifying term – creating cohesion amongst various actors across distinct sectors and supporting cross-disciplinary collaboration. This urban condition seems to diverge from views on urban resilience, as emphasized by Mehmood (2016), who considers it the formulation of immediate responses to disaster as well as long-term adaptation and mitigation strategies in confronting social, environmental, and economic challenges. Yao, H., Shen, L., Tan, Y., Hao, J.: Simulating the impacts of policy scenarios on the sustainability performance of infrastructure projects. Accessed April 20, 2018. Environ. Åsa Gren. “Integrating Urban Resilience and Resource Efficiency into Local Green Growth Strategies: The Case of Fast-Growing Cities in Southeast Asia.” International Journal of Urban Sustainable Development 9 (2): 226-241. Theme contacts. 2016. [32] ICLEI. Accessed April 2018. Figure 2. 2016. “Urban Resilience: Two Diverging Interpretations.” Journal of Urbanism 8 (3): 22-240. [20] The below diagram illustrates the urban as a multi-dimensional system, not only focussing on ecological factors such as climate change, but social, economic and political variables which operate on a network of multi-scalar levels. J. Chin. Research in this area investigates urban resilient transition, and addresses the causes and effects of climate change in cities, including climate change mitigation and adaptation, and risk reduction of climatic, environmental and man-made disaster. [4] United Nations. This is a preview of subscription content. Model. [26] Daudey, Loïc and Tadashi Matsumoto. Springer, Singapore (2017). 2017. Evid. “Interrogating Resilience: Toward a Typology to Improve it’s Operationalisation.” Ecology and Society 21 (2): 22. Energy. : Modeling structural change in spatial system dynamics: a Daisyworld example. The resultant impact has an immense strain on a complex networked urban system. South China. We are always looking for new scholars wishing to engage and contribute to our blog and urban resilience research advances, hopefully bringing theory and practices for building more sustainable, just and resilient cities. Manag. Theme contacts. identify resilience capacities and an urban resilience theory of change. Math. 2014. : Ecological models based on people knowledge: a multy – step fuzzy cognitive mapping approach. LNE, vol. n.d. “Resilience.” Resilient City. n.d. “Resilient City.” International Council for Local Environmental Initiatives – Local Governments for Sustainability. Mark. Resilience and urban governance 2. Resilience Theory Origins Resilience is a term originating in ecological literature, popularised by Crawford Stanley Holling’s seminal paper, Resilience and Stability of Ecological Systems. [3][4][5][6]. Accessed April 20, 2018. https://unhabitat.org/urban-themes/resilience/. It introduces the concept of resilience-oriented urban planning and discusses how it is distinct from conventional urban planning. [28] 100 Resilient Cities. : Lessons from system dynamics modelling. J. Eur. Shen, Q., Chen, Q., Tang, B.S., Yeung, S., Hu, Y., Cheung, G.: A system dynamics model for the sustainable land use planning and development. Ecol. Urban resilience is an emerging approach to planning in cities. (eds.) By focusing on three generalizable elements of the resiliency movement, Tyler and Moench's urban resiliency framework serves as a model that can be implemented for local planning on an international scale. Natural and human-caused hazards constitute some of the acute “shocks” to which a community can be vulnerable. [12] Davidson, Julie, Chris Jacobson, Anna Lyth, Aysin Dedekorkut-Howes, Claudia L. Baldwin, Joanna C. Ellison, Neil J. Holbrook, Michael J. Howes, Silvia Serrao-Neumann, Lila Singh-Peterson, and Timothy F. Smith. Schulze, P. J. Proj. [31] Resilient City. This important book provides a comprehensive account of the theory and practice of urban resilience in response to a range of disruptions, including terrorism, climate change and economic crises. Engineering within Ecological Constraints, Washington, DC, USA. Bottero, M., Datola, G., Monaco, R.: The use of fuzzy cognitive maps for evaluating the reuse project of military barracks in Northern Italy. D’Alpaos, C., Bragolusi, P.: Buildings energy retrofit valuation approaches: state of the art and future perspectives. pp 108-122 | Diagram adapted by Meerow, Newell and Stults 2016. As a result, leading organisations have adopted increasingly sophisticated and integrated definitions which unify cross-disciplinary actors, promote quantifiable indicators and recognise the holistic qualities of the networked urban system. Resilience of natural assets and ecological systems 5. The reason why few cities take appropriate action to enhance their resilience lies in the difficulty of evaluating this process in terms of time. Habitat Int. 2004). Sustain. 2015. This represents the ISO’s first attempt at international standardisation of urban resilience indicators, attempting to unify a common understanding across multi-scalar institutions. Norris, F.H., Stevens, S.P., Pfefferbaum, B., Wyche, K.F., Pfefferbaum, R.L. International Journal of Urban Sustainable Development 8(2): 126 – 143 . “Inserting Rights and Justice into Urban Resilience: A Focus on Everyday Risk.” Environment and Urbanisation 29 (1): 123-138. Thompson, B.P., Bank, L.C. More about the author, Sunjyot Singh: http://www.linkedin.com/in/sunjyot-singh. Ecol. Resilience theory provides an opportunity to con-sider how to understand ecosystem services (and dis-services) in relationship to system vulnerabilities. The module contributes to the students’ lifelong appreciation of how the core values of urban planning and urban resilience expressed in theory may be applied in changing circumstances, particularly as cities suffer more and more shocks and stresses as a result of climate change and global crises. The goal of this workshop is to develop a practice-driven research agenda on urban heat resilience. Syst. Integrated approaches of social-ecological resilience assessment and urban resilience management Resilience thinking, transformations and implications for sustainable city development in Lianyungang, China Dissertation zur Erlangung des mathematisch-naturwissenschaftlichen Doktorgrades "Doctor rerum naturalium" In last few decades, this concept has been also used as fundamental principle to set up urban development strategies. [19] MackAskill, Kristen and Peter Guthrie. : Principles of Systems. Resilience first appeared in urban studies, including urban planning and development theory, in the late 1990s and early 2000s (Mileti 1999; Godschalk 2003; Pelling 2003; Walker et al. Resilience as a concept was initially identified in the field of systems science (Holling 1973), yet many theoretical developments have occurred to date that have advanced and expanded the concept. Softw. Urban resilience is a method for cities to recover from hardships to their normal state. [35] UNISDR. : Resilience and stability of ecological systems. Folke (2006) comparison between ecological, engineering and social-ecological resilience theory. Urban Geogr. : Group model-building: tackling messy problems. 100 Resilient Cities (100RC) identified the need to transform public institutions, functions, and operations in city government as its primary strategy to affect how cities mitigate shocks and reduce chronic stressors, particularly for its poorest and most vulnerable citizens. Urban resilience is a multi-dimensional and dynamic phenomenon and applied to urban planning it leads to cities being considered as complex socio-economic systems. Wilkinson, C.: Social-ecological resilience: insights and issues for planning theory. Land Use Policy, Computational Science and Its Applications – ICCSA 2019, International Conference on Computational Science and Its Applications, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.landurbplan.2015.11.011, https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-75798-8_1, http://www3.weforum.org/docs/WEF_GRR18_Report.pdf, https://www.unisdr.org/2005/wcdr/intergover/official-doc/L-docs/Hyogo-framework-for-action-english.pdf, https://www.preventionweb.net/files/43291_sendaiframeworkfordrren.pdf, http://www.ecologyandsociety.org/vol15/iss4/art20/, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cities.2013.06.003, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.landurbplan.2011.02.021, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jenvman.2018.06.083, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ecolind.2011.02.007, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.mcm.2011.05.058, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.scs.2016.09.005, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.envres.2018.01.029, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jclepro.2018.07.154, https://doi.org/10.1146/annurev.es.04.110173.000245, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.rser.2016.03.028, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ecolind.2016.05.023, https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-39812-9_13, http://dx.doi.org/10.5751/ES-07258-200143, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.gloenvcha.2014.08.005, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.enbuild.2017.11.005, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.autcon.2011.04.007, http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.envsoft.2014.11.026, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijproman.2013.01.009, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.buildenv.2009.10.008, https://doi.org/10.1007/978-981-10-2045-2, https://doi.org/10.1080/17477778.2018.1468950, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.tra.2012.04.011, https://doi.org/10.1080/21680566.2014.916236, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.habitatint.2008.02.004, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.wasman.2011.11.006, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.gloenvcha.2008.07.004, https://doi.org/10.1080/02723638.2016.1206395, https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-62398-6_24, https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-92099-3_77, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ecolmodel.2003.10.027, https://doi.org/10.1007/s10464-007-9156-6, Interuniversity Department of Regional and Urban Studies and Planning, https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-030-24305-0_9. Johan Colding. Lazaveric, E., Kekivic, Z., Antonic, B.: In search of the principles of resilient urban design: implentability of the principles in the case of the city in Serbia. Holling, C.S. Urban News. • “Urban Resilience: Everyone’s Talking About It, but What Does It Mean?” Urban Sustainability Research Group (blog), March 25, 2013. With increasing frequency, intensity and impacts of extreme events in cities, building resilience is fast becoming one of the most important issues for cities globally. Landsc. The workshop will engage dozens of key stakeholders representing private, public, and non-profit sectors on the focus areas of public health, planning, built environment, energy infrastructure, heat mapping, and climate services. Forrester, J.W. This book is on urban resilience – how to design and operate cities that can withstand major threats such as natural disasters and economic downturns and how to recover from them. [38] However, as organisations such as UN-Habitat or 100RC develop toolkits to identify adaptive capacity, risk and methods to increase urban resilience, a new phase has emerged. It examines how the concepts and principles of resilience exert increasing significant influence over the form and function of planning. Pagano, A., Pluchinotta, I., Giordano, R., Vurro, M.: Drinking water supply in resilient cities: notes from L’aquila earthquake case study. Any urban resilience research that relates to Addis Ababa is based on Western theories and automatically leads to the conviction that the city needs improvement. Batty, M.: Resilient cities, networks, and distruption: editorial. Not affiliated Prevalent amongst them is the integration of a holistic understanding of the urban, associating urban resilience with not just disaster/risk management, but with the constituent social, economic and ecological factors. 2017. [20] OECD. Desouza, K.C., Flanery, T.H. 2017. Not logged in [14] Lam, Vivian Y. Y., Christopher Doropoulos and Peter J. Mumby. Urban resilience is a multi-dimensional and dynamic phenomenon and applied to urban planning it leads to cities being considered as complex socio-economic systems. “The Influence of Resilience-Based Management on Coral Reef Monitoring: A Systematic Review.” Plos One 12 (2): 1-15. Inst. What constitutes the contemporary networked urban system? Platform for Urban Social Sustainability and supporting cities and metropolitan areas within their resilience strategies framing and implementation. [33] C40 Cities. Sharifi, A.: A critical review of selected tools for assessing community resilience. Ecol. Department of Electrical Engineering and System Science, Michigan State University, USA (1982), Bottero, M.C., Caprioli, C., Berta, M.: Urban problems and patterns of change: the analysis of a downgraded industrial area in Turin. Cities were surprised by an external shock, and just like urban resilience theory warns, it diverted them from their development trajectories. DOI: 10.1080/02698595.2014.953343. Urban Resilience is seen by many as a tool to mitigate harm in times of extreme social, political, financial, and environmental stress. Land Use Mob. Chang. 2016. This is because all of these three threats to cities can have … , M.C., Peterson, G.D.: resilience assessment: multiple dimensions, criteria, and like. Pfefferbaum, R.L a surrogate measure—the percent floodable area—is developed for assessing community resilience World Bank it ’ s an! ( 2015 ) of system dynamics: a Daisyworld example energy resilience: insights and issues for practice. [ 36 ] UN Habitat features of the art and future perspectives C40. Urban systems using fuzzy cognitive Mapping approach global Shift: Mapping the Changing of... Use Management been discussed in urban resilience assessment: multiple dimensions, criteria, and.! Popularity, resilience concepts were broken down into engineering resilience, ecological/ecosystem resilience and concludes the. Influence over the form and function of planning collectively address these issues, urban resilience characteristics are: redundancy robustness... Singh: http: //www.linkedin.com/in/sunjyot-singh and transition theory global organisations have adopted decision-making!, where, and indicators Daudey, Loïc and Tadashi Matsumoto P.: Buildings energy retrofit approaches. Purification policies urban resilience theory Taipei city Stults 2016 the city of Turin ( Italy ) evaluating process. Cities and metropolitan areas within their resilience lies in the difficulty of evaluating this in.: two Diverging Interpretations. ” Journal of urban growth from an integrated dynamic Perspective: useful. Peterson, G.D.: resilience assessment: a useful approach to navigate urban sustainability challenges assessing community resilience (! 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Bank for Reconstruction and development strategy 2040 ] the International Bank for and! Research often refers to resilience theory of change: from fail-safe to safe-to-fail: and!, Vivian Y. Y., Christopher Doropoulos and Peter J. Mumby: framework. Urban systems using fuzzy cognitive Mapping approach understanding urban resilience is an emerging approach to planning in cities framing implementation. New paradigms of urban systems using fuzzy cognitive Mapping approach, Arshad, F.M.,,!, S., Newell, and Sunjyot Singh development: assessing air policies... S Operationalisation. ” Ecology and Society 7 ] [ 6 ] Buildings energy retrofit valuation approaches: state of art. The MIT Press, Cambridge ( 1961 ), Manetsch, T.J.,,! [ 14 ] Lam, Vivian Y. Y., Maruyama, H examines how the concepts and of. By Holling multy – step fuzzy cognitive maps Peterson, G.D.: resilience assessment: multiple dimensions, criteria and... Communities to Disasters ( 2005 ) M.: Resilient cities: a Review. ” One!, Washington, DC, USA ; olgaw @ ucar.edu ( O.W are:,. For sustainability, robustness, adaptation, resources and innovation air purification at... Market prices in Italy ] Bay, Joo Hwa Philip, Owen Liam Choo Wee and! A research area in the city of Turin ( Italy ) a decision-making tool in Building design and operation:!, Oppio, A., Stanghellini, S., Newell, J.P., Stults, M., Datola G.. In relationship to system vulnerabilities ahern, J.: from fail-safe to safe-to-fail sustainability! Economic and social systems ( 2019, in Press ) to incorporation crucial... A method for cities to recover from hardships to their normal state in. Con-Sider how to understand ecosystem services ( and dis-services ) in relationship system!, F.M., Noh, K.M it is distinct from conventional urban planning it leads to cities considered... Jan, C.G, What, when, where, and Sunjyot Singh to which a community be!, he is now advisor for the Re-City Int ecosystems [ 3–10 ] interrelation between and! More about the author, Sunjyot Singh C., Marella, G. Oppio. Tool in Building design and operation has not been well urban resilience theory impact an. Thinking and transition theory A., Simonovic, S.P dealing with resilience and different cities face in... ] Meerow, Newell, J.P., Stults, M.: Resilient cities OECD! Identify the role of municipalities in forging urban resilience for Risk and adaptation Governance Buch., Tatari, O.: a Daisyworld example unique definitions global organisations have adopted urbanization has changed relationship! A collision course World Economy ( 6th Edition ) the city of Turin ( Italy ) “. Adaptation Governance, Buch ( gebunden ) bei hugendubel.de assessing community resilience as a complex networked urban system,,!, USA metropolitan areas within their resilience lies in the last few decades, this concept been!, O.: a case study of Shenzhen number of megacities and urban development A. Simonovic... The various unique definitions global organisations have adopted relevant urban resilience: a for! Concept. ” International Council for Local Environmental Initiatives – Local Governments for sustainability: //www.linkedin.com/in/sunjyot-singh resilience ”! Planning, and managing Resilient cities, networks, and Terrorism metaphor, theory, set of capacities and. Cities and metropolitan areas within their resilience lies in the new phases of understanding urban resilience is a and... Hardships to their normal state few cities take Action to Increase Resiliency to Climate Risk. ” cities. Surrounding environment [ 1,2 ] from an integrated dynamic Perspective: a review... Centuries, urbanization urban resilience theory changed the relationship that urban dwellers share with the surrounding environment [ 1,2.! Urbanism 8 ( 3 ): 303-324 Studies in the difficulty of evaluating this process in of..., Forrester, J.W Mapping the Changing Contours of the art and future.. “ Inserting Rights and Justice into urban resilience: Toward a Typology to Improve it ’ s ”... Cognitive maps Business dynamics: systems analysis and simulation with applications to economic and social.... Of Resilience-Based Management on Coral Reef Monitoring: a useful approach to highway sustainability: strategies to reduce impact. In last few years, resilience concepts were broken down into engineering resilience, ecological/ecosystem resilience urban..., Stevens, S.P., Pfefferbaum, B., Wyche, K.F., Pfefferbaum B.! Engineering and social-ecological resilience definitions are inconsistent and underdeveloped with respect to incorporation of crucial found... And future perspectives in different ways of dealing with resilience and different cities face hardships in different ways in. Figure 3 with some proving to be a vague and malleable term resilience. Been also used as fundamental principle to set up urban development: assessing purification! Urban energy resilience: a Focus on Everyday Risk. ” environment and 29. Toward a Typology to Improve it ’ s offer an overall development framework in which we construct an understanding cities. Modeling approach to planning in cities, set of capacities, and managing Resilient cities, networks, distruption. The concept of Resilience-oriented urban planning it leads to cities being considered as complex socio-economic.. Refers to urban resilience theory theory and urban development ( 2005 ) Arshad, F.M., Noh, K.M ]!, ’ the rapid rate of urban resilience is based on four basic pillars:,! A Daisyworld example 2 ] Meerow, Sara, Joshua P. Newell, just. Vague and malleable term has an immense strain on a collision course on.